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2018年湖北成人高考高起点英语预测真题及答案(十)

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2018年成人高考高起点英语预测真题及答案(十)

 

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选作题I:

Part IDialogue Communication ( 15 % )

Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each fol-lowed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by .marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1. Dad: Could you run over to the store right away? We need a few things.

Son:__________

A. Yes, I could. I want to play football.

B. For me, running is not a problem. I' d like to do exercises.

C. Yes, storing a few things away is quite necessary, right?

D. All right. What do you want me to get?

2. W: How does your daughter like her new school?

M:__________

A. Fine. She seems to have made some new friends in no time.

B. She likes it so much that she' 11 soon be reluctant to leave the school.

C. Though she likes the new school, she loves her old school much stronger.

D. Well, I' m afraid I don' t know exactly.

3. Speaker A: Billy, have you heard the latest news? It appears that we won't be laid off (解雇) after all.

Speaker B :__________

A. Congratulations. We are going to get promoted.

B. Great. We are going to have a new job.

C. Oh, somehow I' m tired of working here anyway.

D. Really. We are not going to resign from our post.

4. Dancy : Hello, Fred. What' s wrong with your arm?

Fred: I broke it when I was skating during the holiday.

Dancy : Oh, No ! __________

Fred: Much better, thanks.

A. What a nuisance!

B. How awful! How is it now?

C. Why was that?

D. What a trouble!

5. Speaker A: I wonder if Mary will really come at 7: 00. She said she would.

Speaker B.__________

A. You can take it easy. Mary always says what she would do.

B. You needn' t be worried. Mary is an honest person.

C. Don' t worry about it. Her words are as good as gold.

D. Just take it easy. Time will soon come.

6. Andy: My schedule (安排表) this afternoon is an absolute mess. Between 3:30 and 4:00 I' m supposed to be in four different places. There is no way.

Frank: I' ve done that before. __________?

A. Anything I can help you

B. Something I can help you

C. Anything I can help you with

D. Something I can help you with

7. Tom: Paulo,__________

Paulo: Nice to meet you.

A. I would like you to meet my friend, Alex.

B. How are you?

C. It is a nice day, isn' t it?

D. It is Alex.

8. Speaker A: Excuse me, can you tell me where High Street is, please?

Speaker B :__________

A. It' s quite far from here. You can' t get there.

B. Not at all. It' s only about 5 minutes' walk.

C. Take the second turn on the left and then ask again.

D. 1 should ask you. I' m a stranger myself.

9. Bob: It' s late. I have to say goodbye.

Mrs. Black:__________

A. Why do you want to go now?

B. I' d like to say goodbye, too.

C. That' s all right.

D. Hope you have a good time. See you tomorrow.

10. Lucy: Tom, would you like a drink?

Tom.__________

 A. I don' t care. But thank you anyway.

 B. No, thank you. I had some Coke just now.

 C. Thank you. I care about what to drink.

 D. Don' t trouble yourself. Nobody care about it.

11. Speaker A : We' 11 miss you. Have a good journey.

 Speaker B.__________

 A. I miss you, too.

 B. How time flies.

 C. Thank you for all you' ve done for me.

 D. I' m pleased to be with you here.

12. W : You seem to have a lot of work at your office. You' ve always been staying late and work-ing overtime.

 M: __________

A. What you say is right. But don' t you know the meaning of work?

B. Yes. That' s true. But don' t you know the common saying: "Always work and no play makes Jack a dull boy"?

C. That' s true, but it' s no bother to me. The work is interesting and fun. I don' t mind the ex- tra hours at all.

D. Sorry. I cannot listen to your advice. Overwork can bring me overpay, you know.

13. Speaker A: I' ve got a fever and a really bad headache.

 Speaker B :__________

 A. Why are you so careless about yourself?

 B. This kind of thing happens to everyone.

 C. You should take good care of yourself.

 D. Oh, that' s too bad. Why don't you take some aspirin?

14. W: Have you found your book yet?

 M:__________

 A. No. But I didn' t remember where I had put it.

 B. No. I am not sure what I have done with it.

 C. Not yet. And I' m sure I have lost it for ever.

 D. Still not. It seemed to me I shall never get it back.

15. Lodger: I'm terribly sorry that I broke your precious vase. I' ll pay for it.

 Landlady:__________

A. Can' t complain.

B. Never mind.

C. Relax yourself.

D. Take care.

Part IReading Comprehension (30 % )(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

 

Directions : There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfin-ished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

Long bus rides are like television shows. They have a beginning, a middle, and an end—with commercials thrown in every three or four minutes. The commercials are unavoidable. They happen whether you want them or not. Every couple of minutes a billboard glides by outside the bus win-dow. "Buy Super Clean Toothpaste. "" Drink Root Beer. " "Fill up with Pacific Gas. " Only if you sleep, which is equal to turning the television set off, are you spared the unending cry of "You Need It! Buy It Now.! "

The beginning of the ride is comfortable and somewhat exciting, even if you' ve traveled that way before. Usually some things have changed--new houses, new buildings, sometimes even a new road. (76) The bus driver has a style of driving and it' s fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so. If the driver is particularly reckless or daring, the ride can be as thrilling as a suspense story.

Will the driver pass the truck in time? Will the driver move into the right or the left-hand lane? Af-ter a while, of course, the excitement dies down. Sleeping for a while helps pass the middle hours of the ride. Food always makes bus rides more interesting. But you' ve got to be careful of what kind of food you eat. Too much salty food can make you very thirsty between stops.

The end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning. You know it will soon be over and there ' s a kind of expectation and excitement in that. The seat, of course, has become harder as the hours have passed. (77)By now you' ve sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap, with your hands on the armrests--even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at the right time. There are just no more ways to sit.

1. According to the passage, what do the passengers usually see when they are on a long bus trip?

A. Buses on the road.

B. Films on television.

C. Advertisements on the board.

D. Gas stations.

2. What is the purpose of this passage?

A. To give the writer' s opinion about long bus trips.

B. To persuade you to take a long bus trip.

C. To explain how bus trips and television shows differ.

D. To describe the billboards along the road.

3. The writer of this passage would probably be in favor of__________.

A. bus drivers who weren' t reckless

B. driving alone

C. a television set on the bus

D. no billboards along the road

4. The writer feels long bus rides are like TV shows because__________.

A. the commercials both on TV shows and on billboards along the road are fun

B. they both have a beginning, a middle, and an end, with commercials in every three or four minutes

C. the drivers are always reckless on TV shows just as they are on buses

D. both traveling and watching TV are not exciting

5. The writer thinks that the end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning because both are__________.

A. exciting

B. comfortable

C. tiring

D. boring

Passage 2

Questions 6 to l0 are based on the following passage :

It was not much fun to travel on one of the old sailing ships. Life was hard for both passengers and crew. (78)17th century sailing ships were small and roiled heavily in rough seas, so most of the passengers were seasick.

There were no toilets, and the spaces below deck where passengers had to stay during gales were often not more than 5 foot high. Water was scarce and the little water they got was brown and smelt terrible.

Food was a problem, too--there was only salted meat, ship' s biscuits and cheese, but the cheese was so hard that sailors often made buttons out of it for their jackets and trousers. There were no vegetables or fruit, so the people on board often fell ill.

The sailors, however, were a bit better off than the passengers. They each had a bottle of beer a day, and they needed. The work they had to do was hard and dangerous. (79)Courage was nee-ded, for the heavy sails had to be set and taken down in all kinds of weather, and quite often sail-ors were swept overboard in a gale. Almost the worst thing about the voyages was the time they took up to 70 days for the journey across the Atlantic. Not surprisingly,, everybody was overjoyed when they at last approached land and stepped ashore. But some ships never arrived.

6. In the 17th century__________.

A. life on old sailing ships was enjoyable

B. people enjoyed sailing old ships in rough seas

C. most of the passengers felt comfortable when the ship was rolling

D. it was very painful for both passengers and crew during the voyage

7. The passengers__________when the ship was heavily rolling.

A. slept well

B. could drink a lot of water

C. had to stay below deck

D. had a big room of more than 5 foot high

8. Which of the following statements is true about food?

A. Passengers had a lot of vegetables, but no fruit.

B. The sailors had four tins of beer a day.

C. The people on the ship often fell ill because of the lack of food.

D. The food for the passengers was more and better than that for the crew.

9. The working condition of the sailors was very hard.__________.

A. They often had to set the sails in bad weather.

B. So they had less courage.

C. They were happy to be swept overboard in a strong wind.

D. A 70-day-journey across the Atlantic was their happiest thing.

10. When the people saw the land,__________.

A. only passengers were glad

B. the sailors had to swim ashore

C. they were surprised at the news that some ships never arrived

D. all of them were excited

Passage 3(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

 

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

No country in the world has more daily newspapers than the USA. There are almost 2,000 of them, as compared with 180 in Japan, 164 in Argentina and 111 in Britain. The quality of some American papers is extremely high and their views are quoted all over the world. Distinguished dai-lies like the Washington Post or the New York Times have a powerful influence all over the country.

However, the Post and the Times are not national newspapers in the sense that The Times is in Britain or LeMonde is in France, since each American city has its own daily newspaper. The best of these present detailed accounts of national and international news, but many tend to limit them-selves to state or cite news.

Like the press in most other countries, American newspapers range from the "sensational",which feature crime, sex and rumor, to the serious, which focus on factual news and the analysis of world events. But with few exceptions American newspapers try to entertain as well as give in-formation, for they have to compete with television.

Just as American newspapers give way to all tastes, so do they also try and apply to readers for all political persuasions. (80) A few newspapers support extremist gr_roups on the far right and on the far left, but most daily news papers attempt to attract middle-of-the-road Americans who are essentially moderate. Many of these papers print columns by well-known journalists of different po-litical and social views, in order to present a balanced picture.

 As in other democratic countries American newspapers can be either responsible or irresponsi- ble, but it is generally accepted that the American press serves its country well and that it has more than once bravely uncovered political scandals (丑闻) or crimes, for instance, the Watergate Af- fair. The newspapers drew the attention of the public to the fears of the Vietnam War.

11. There are fewer national newspapers in __________.

A. Britain than in the USA

B. France than in Britain

C. the USA than in Britain or France

D. France than in the USA or Britain

12. Most American newspapers try to entertain their readers because__________.

A. they have to keep up a good relation with them

B. they have to compete with television

C. they have to write about crime, sex and rumor

D. they have to give factual news in an interesting way

13. Many American newspapers attract readers of different political tendency by__________.

A. supporting extremist groups from time to time

B. inviting middle-of-the-road Americans to write articles for them

C. avoiding carrying articles about extremists

D. printing articles representing different political viewpoints

14. In this passage, the word "press" (Para. 2) means__________.

A. a machine for printing

B. the business of printing

C. great force

D. newspapers

15. The passage is mainly about__________.

A. the characteristics of American newspapers

B. thc development of American newspapers

C. the functions of American newspapers

D. the merits and shortcomings of American newspapers

 Part ⅡVocabulary and Structure (30 % )(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

 

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences.For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corre-sponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

16. All the reference books should be made __________to the teachers and students in our university.

A. concerned

B. available

C. related

D. flexible

17. We shall appreciate__________ from you soon.

A. being heard

B. hearing

C. to hear

D. having been heard

18. I' d__________ you didn' t touch that, if you don' t mind.

A. rather

B. better

C. happier

D. further

19.He was__________enough to understand my questions from the gestures I made.

A. intelligent

B. efficient

C. proficient

D. diligent

20. " Good-bye, Mr. Wang. I' m pleased __________you. "

A. to meet

B. meeting

C. to have been meeting

D. to be met

21. The new law, it is said, will be__________.

A. put into effect

B. taken into account

C. kept in sight

D. brought to mind

22. The old man walked slowly, stopping frequently__________.

A.on rest

B. at rest

C. resting

D. to rest

23. The __________flowers were all that remained.

A. two yellow little

B. little two yellow

C. yellow two little

D. two little yellow

24. Don' t risk __________the job which so many people want.

A. losing

B. to lose

C. lost

D. your life to lose

25__________anything about the accident, he went to work as well.

A. Not know

B. Know not

C. Knowing not

D. Not knowing

26. These courses, if properly conducted, will__________ the minds of the students.

A. refresh

B. renew

C. stimulate

D. encourage

27. He spoke so quickly that I didn' t __________ what he said.

A. receive

B. accept

C. listen

D. catch

28. He had been __________to give up much of his time to housework.

A. ordered

B. persuaded

C. compelled

D. frightened

29. With a school record like yours,__________ why you didn' t try for a university scholarship.

A. I' m shocked

B. I' m puzzled

C. I' m amazed

D. I feel pity

30. Robert looked as if he were about to __________when his motives were questioned.

A. flare up

B. jump up

C. burst up

D. look up

31. He__________ that he could create live fish out of chemicals.

A. demanded

B. asserted

C. argued

D. announced

32. He got up to the roof__________a ladder.

A. by all means

B. by any means

C. by means of

D. by no means

33. He is sincere and easy to__________.

A. get down to

B. get at

C. get along with

D.get over

34. She likes hearing her own voice. She never stops__________.

A. talking

B. telling

C. to talk

D. to tell

35. __________at the door before you come into the room.

A. Hit

B. Knock

C. Touch

D. Strike

36. She __________to her teacher for coming to school late.

A. excused

B. apologized

C. pardoned

D. confessed

37. The new medicine the doctor __________for the pain in my stomach is imported and quite expen- sive.

A. bought

B. prescribed

C. described

D. discovered

38. Every dog that came __________was a terror to me.

A. in sight

B. to sight

C. on sight

D. at sight

39. Say__________what you mean and then there will be no misunderstanding.

A. casually

B. eventually

C. necessary

D. precisely

40. It would be a mistake to__________this law to situations which are outside this range.

A. apply

B. employ

C. use

D. fit

41. We tried to __________the nervous old lady that flying was safe.

A. secure

B. ensure

C. assure

D. certify

42. This is one of__________ beautiful places in this city.

A. most of the

B. most of

C. the most

D. most

43. The speed __________is 340 meters per second.

A. at which sound travels

B. with which sound travels

C. of which sound travels

D. for which sound travels

44. He studied hard at school when he was young, __________contributes to his success in later life.

A. which

B. that

C. what

D. each of which

45. The cost of the air fare is higher than__________.

A. the rail fare

B. that of the rail fare

C. those of the rail fare

D. which of the rail fare

Part mIdentification ( 10 % )(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

 

Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

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 Part 1VCloze ( 10 % )

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. in the5630 years man will face a period of crisis.57experts believe that there will be a widespread food58.Other experts think this is59pessimistic (悲观的), and that man can prevent things from 60worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nour-ished or starving now.

61thing that man can do is to limit the62of babies born. The need63this is obvious, but it is not64to achieve. People have to be65to limit their families. In the countries of the population66, many people like big families. The parents think that this 67a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look68them in old age.

Several governments have69birth control policies in recent years.70them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some71the results have not been successful. Japan has been an 72. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were73to limit their families.

The birth74fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year75present.

56. A. second

B. recent

C. next

D. late

57. A. Any

B. Some

C. More

D. All

58. A. need

B. want

C. absence

D. shortage

59. A. so

B. much

C. too

D. enough

60. A. being

B. getting

C. doing

D. remaining

61. A. One

B. Another

C. Only

D. Sole

62. A. quantity

B. whole

C. amount

D. number

63. A. for

B. in

C. of

D. about

64. A. easy

B. critical

C. difficult

D. tough

65. A. inclined

B. prevailed

C. persuaded

D. converted

66. A. bursting

B. explosion

C. raising

D. extension

67. A. takes

B. extension

C. makes

D. derives

68. A. upon

B. over

C. into

D. after

69. A. adjusted

B. created

C. adopted

D. presented

70. A. Of

B. Among

C. Between

D. Out of

71. A. prospects

B. examples

C. events

D. cases

72. A. evidence

B. answer

C. exception

D. incident

73. A. encouraged

B. approved

C. supported

D. promoted

74. A. rate

B. speed

C. frequency

D. ratio

75. A. for

B. at

C. in

D. until

Part VTranslation (20 % )

 Section A

 Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can re-fer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.

76. The bus driver has a style of driving and it' s fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so.( Passage 1 )

77. By now you've sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap, with your hands on the armrests--even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at the right time.(Passage 1 )

78.17th century sailing ships were small and rolled heavily in rough seas, so most of the passengers were seasick. ( Passage 2 )

79. Courage was needed, for the heavy sails had to be set and taken down in all kinds of weather, and quite often sailors were swept overboard in a gale. (Passage 2 )

30. A few newspapers support extremist groups on the far right and on the far left, but most daily newspapers attempt to attract middle-of-the-road Americans who are essentially moderate.( Passage 3 )

Section B

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

81.研究表明男人比女人更容易得心脏病。

82.这个星期天气很干燥。

83.我已了解清楚,她的结论是以事实为根据的。

84.这个问题可以在下次会议上讨论。

85.你可以依赖于我的帮助。

选作题Ⅱ:

 Part VWriting ( 15% )

Directions : For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary". You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below :

1.很多人认为有必要举行口语考试,理由是…;

2.也有人持不同的意见,…;

3.我的看法和打算。

参考答案:

选作题I:

Part I Dialogue Communication

1.D2.A3.C4.B5.C6.C7.A8.C9.Dl0.B11.Cl2.Cl3.Dl4.Bl5.B

Part I  Reading Comprehension

Passage l

1.C事实细节题。第一段提到在长途的公交车旅途中,会有各种铺天盖地的广告牌映人眼帘,和C一致。而A、B、D在第一段中都没有提到。

2.A推理判断题。这篇文章的结构比较清楚,作者就是讲述自己对长途公交车旅途(开始、途中、结尾)的感受,这和A一致。作者并没有表露出说服大家乘坐长途公交车的意思,所以B不对。作者只是说长途公交旅途像电视节目,并没说明两者的不同,C也不对。第一段描述了路边的广告牌,但不是全文的主要内容,D太片面。

3.D推理判断题。第一段作者明显地表现出了对铺天盖地的广告牌的反感,而B、C文中没有提到,第二段第四句提到如果司机开车比较冒险,会是个让人兴奋的旅程,从这里可看出作者不排斥爱冒险的司机,故A也不对。

4.B事实细节题。第一段第二句提到长途公交旅途和电视节目相似的地方在于,他们都有开始、中途和结尾,并且每隔三、四分钟插上一段广告,所以选B。

5.A事实细节题。最后一段提到结束和开始的相似之处在于结束时有种期待和兴奋的感觉,这和旅途刚开始是一样的。

Passage 2

6.D事实细节题。第一段提到17世纪时因为船小、在海浪中颠簸得厉害,航海生活对于乘客和船员都非常艰苦,而A、B、C恰好与之相反,所以选D。

7.C事实细节题。第二段第一句话提到刮大风时,乘客们不得不待在甲板下面不足5英尺高的地方,而A、B、D与航海生活艰苦相悖,所以选c。

8.C事实细节题。第三段最后一句话提到由于没有蔬菜和水果,船上的人经常生病,和c相符,可以排除A。最后一段提到船员一天必须喝一瓶啤酒,而不是四听,可知B不对。D也不对,船员和乘客吃的食物一样差而少,只是为了工作需要而每天喝一瓶酒。

9.A事实细节题。最后一段提到船员们不管在什么样的天气下,都必须挂风帆和降帆,经常被大风吹到甲板上,工作十分辛苦,而B、C、D明显不对,所以选A。

10.D事实细节题。倒数第二句话提到当船终于靠岸时大家都欢呼雀跃,很兴奋。最后一句话虽然提到有些船永远不能到岸,但人们对此不感到惊奇,故C不对,所以选D。

Passage 3

11.C事实细节题。第一段后半部分提到美国每个城市都有自己的报纸,而且很少有报纸把自己定位为像英国的《泰晤士报》那样的国家级媒体,所以选C。

12.B事实细节题。第二段最后一句话说美国报纸除了提供信息外也努力去娱乐人们,因为它们必须和电视竞争。

13.D事实细节题。第三段最后一句话提到许多美国报纸通过刊登持不同政治和社会观点的著名记者的文章来显示它的公正,所以选D。

14.D词汇理解题。因为此句话的主语是American newspapers,由此可推断出press意思就是newspapers。

15.A推理判断题。这篇文章通篇介绍了美国报纸的特点,如多数报纸是州级或市级报纸,新闻涵盖面广,提供不同的政治和社会观点而力求公正,责任感强等,所以选A。

Part Ⅱ  Vocabulary and Structure

16.B本题考查形容词辨析。stll.be available to sb.“某物对于某人是可以使用的”。con—cerned“关心的”;related“相关的”;flexible“灵活的,柔韧的”。句意为:所有参考书都应对我们大学的师生们开放。

17.B本题考查动词搭配。appreciate doing sth.“感激做某事”,可排除C;这里应用动词主动形式,也不能用完成时,所以A、D不对。句意为:我们将期待尽快收到您的来信。

18.A本题考查固定句型。would rather“宁愿…”,后接虚拟语气,其他词均不用虚拟。句意为:如果你不介意,我宁愿你不要触碰那里。

19.A本题考查形容词辨析。intelligent“聪明的”;efficient“有效率的”;proficient“精通的”;diligent“勤奋的”。句意为:他足够聪明能从我的手势中理解我的问题。

20.B本题考查时态和语态。to meet是动词不定式,表示将来或刚开始;meeting表示在进行或刚完成;to have been meeting表示完成“我很高兴过去见过你”;to be met表示被动语态。句意为:王先生,再见,很高兴和你见面。

21.A本题考查动词短语。put into effect“生效”;take into account“考虑”;keep in sight“在视线里”;bring to mind“想起”。句意为:据说这部新法律将被实施。

22.D本题考查动词固定搭配。stop to do sth.“停下来做某事”;stop doing sth.“停止做某事”;on rest“依靠,依赖,停留”;没有at rest的搭配。句意为:老人缓慢地走着,时不时停下来休息。

23.D本题考查前置形容词的排序。顺序为:冠词(the)+数词(two)+描绘形容词+特征形容词(大小“little”+颜色“yellow”)+名词(flowers)。句意为:只剩下两朵小黄花了。

24.A本题考查动词用法。risk doing sth.“冒险做(危险的或令人讨厌的事情)”;risk one’s life to do sm.“冒着生命危险做某事”。句意为:不要冒险丢掉这份很多人都想要的工作。

25.D本题考查现在分词做状语的用法。否定词应放在动词前面。句意为:由于对这场事故一无所知,他又去工作了。

26.C本题考查动词辨析。stimulate“刺激,激励”;refresh“(使)精神振作,(使)精力恢复,更新”;renew“使更新,使恢复”;encourage“鼓励”。句意为:这些课程在合适的引导下将能激励学生们的思想。

27.D本题考查动词辨析。catch“捕捉,理解”;receive“接收”;accept“接受”;listen“听见”。句意为:他说得太快了我根本听不懂他说什么。

28.C本题考查动词辨析。be compelled to do sth.“被迫做某事”,符合题意。句意为:他被迫花大量的时间做家务。

29.B本题考查形容词辨析。puzzled“迷惑的”,符合题意。因为前面说有这么好的成绩,而且后面紧跟着why;而shocked“震惊的”,amazed“惊喜的”和pity“可惜的”后面跟why都不合适。句意为:我弄不懂你成绩这么好为什么不努力去申请学校奖学金。

30.A本题考查动词短语。flare up“突然发怒”;jump up“突然跳起”;burst up“爆炸,失败,垮台”;look up“向上看,查寻”。句意为:当罗伯特的动机被质疑时,他看起来好像随时要大发雷霆。

31.B本题考查动词辨析。assert“声称,(坚决)断言”;demand“要求”;argue“争论,辩论”;announce“宣布,通告”。句意为:他坚称他可以用化学物品培育出活鱼来。

32.C本题考查固定短语。by means of“靠…方法”;by all means“用一切方法”;by any means“无论如何”;by no means“决不”。句意为:他通过梯子到达屋顶。

33.C本题考查固定短语。get along with“和…相处”;get down to“开始认真做某事”;get at“到达,了解”;get over“克服,恢复”。句意为:他待人真诚,很容易相处。

34.A本题考查动词用法。stop doing sth.“停止做某事”;stop to do sth.“停下来去做某事”,由此可排除C、D,而B不符合题意。句意为:她喜欢听她自己的声音,所以滔滔不绝地讲。

35.B本题考查固定搭配。knock at the door“敲门”,是固定用法。句意为:你进房间之前请敲门。

36.B本题考查动词用法。apologize to sb.for doing sth.“因某事向某人道歉”。句意为:她因上学迟到向老师道歉。

37.B本题考查动词辨析。prescribe“开处方,开药”。句意为:医生给我开的治疗胃痛的新药是进口的,特别贵。

38.A本题考查固定搭配。in sight(of)“看见”。句意为:我看见任何一条狗都感到害怕。

39.D本题考查副词辨析。precisely“精确地,准确地”;casually“偶然地,随便地”,eventually“最后”;necessary“必要的”。句意为:准确地说出你的意思,这样就不会产生误解。

40.A本题考查动词辨析。apply sth.to sth.“把…应用于…”,其他三个动词没有这样的固定搭配。句意为:把这条法律应用于这个范围之外将是个错误。

41.C本题考查动词辨析。assure sb.that…“向某人保证…”;secure(adj.)“安全的”;ensure“确保”和certify“证明,保证”没有这样的搭配。句意为:我们努力向这位紧张的老妇人保证飞行是安全的。

42.C本题考查形容词最高级用法。形容词最高级前必须用定冠词the。句意为:这是这个城市最美丽的地方之一。

43.A本题考查介词的搭配。速度前面应用介词at。句意为:声音传播的速度为每秒340米。

44.A本题考查非限制性定语从句的用法。本句后半句为非限制性定语从句,which指代前半句话。非限制性定语从句只能用which,as引导。句意为:他年轻时在学校学习很努力,这为他以后的成功铺垫了道路。

45.B本题考查代词的用法。本题中that指代的是前面的the cost,which不能指代名词,those指代的是复数名词。句意为:坐飞机的费用比坐火车要高。

Part Ⅲ  Identification

46.D关系代词在定语从句中做seen的宾语,所以应用whom。

47.C名词的单复数错误,应改为categories。因为前面的数词是two,category是可数名词,应用复数。

48.C动词短语用法错误,应改为stopped to talk。stop to do“停下来去干另外一件事”;stop doing“停止正在做的事情”,句中是说玛丽停下来和她的老朋友说话。

49.C时态错误,应去掉will,get变成第三人称单数形式gets。因为时间状语从句中用一般现在时表将来。

50.D重复错误,应把it去掉。此处to walk on是不定式做后置定语,修饰thick,on的宾语是ice,承前词省略,因此不需要it做宾语。

51.A动词短语用法错误,应改为to watch。prefer to do sth.“更喜欢做某事”。

52.B  同位语引导语错误,应改为the reason that。reason与后面的句子是同位语的关系,故应用that。

53.C平行结构错误,应改为to travel。to travel与to fly是两个相比较的平行的结构,故应保持结构一致。

54.A分词做状语错误,应改为given the opportunity。主语是人child,是被给予机会,所以应用过去分词做状语,表被动。

55.D  修饰词与名词搭配错误,应改为0ther boys。the other后面一般跟单数名词,通常one…the other表示两并列的事物;other后一般接复数名词,表示除了此物(人)之外的其他任何物(人)。

Part Ⅳ  Cloze

56.C这句话是说,在未来30年内人类将面临一场灾难。next表示“下一个的,接下来的”,与句意相符。

57.B  因后一句有other,所以这一句应用some。

58.D food shortage“食物短缺”,是固定搭配。

59.C上一句说有些专家认为会引起普遍的食物短缺,这里说其他专家认为此观点过于悲观,

因此用too。

60.B get在此处是个系动词,意为“变得…”,最符合题意。being没有变化的意思;remaining意为“保持”,不能与比较级连用。

61.A此句意思为“人类能做的一件事是…”,another指“另一件事”,0nly和sole都指“惟一的”,与句意不符。

62.D此句意思为“控制新生儿的数量”。C选项修饰不可数名词,可排除。B选项“整体、全体”与句意不符。A选项是指整体来考虑的数量,与质量相对,因此答案为D。

63.A the need for“对…的需要”,是固定搭配。

64.A根据句意“要实现控制新生儿数量这个目标不容易”,故只能选A。

65.C根据句意“必须说服人们去控制他们的家庭人数”,persuade“说服”,最符合题意。Be inclined to“倾向于,想要”;prevail“流行,遍布”;convert“转化,变换”。

66.B population explosion“人口爆炸”,是固定搭配。

67.C make an income“成为收入的来源”,符合题意;derive常与from连用。

68.D look after“照顾”,最符合题意;look upon“认为,看待”;look over“调查,从…上面看”;look into“窥视,观察”。

69.C adopt“采取、采用”,最符合题意;adjust“调整”;create“创造”;present“出示,交出”。此句意为采取了计划生育的政策。

70.B后面提到的国家超过了3个,所以用among,between是指两者之间。

71.D in some eases“在某些情况下”;in prospect“可期待,有…希望,在考虑中”。

72.C上句提到在有些地方计划生育政策实施得并不成功,下面又提到Ft本这个国家,由数据显示我们可知日本的生育率下降了,因此日本实施计划生育政策是成功的,即Ft本是个“例外”,所以选C。

73.A encourage“鼓励”;approve“赞成,同意”;support“支持”;promote“促进,发扬,提升”。本句意为“政府鼓励人们限制家庭的规模”,因此A符合题意。

74.A birth rate“出生率”,是固定搭配。

75.B at present“现在,目前”,是固定搭配。

Part V Translation

Section A

76.公交车司机都有自己的开车风格,而在开始的一个小时左右观察这种风格是有趣的事情。

77.现在,你双腿交叉着坐在座位上,双手或者放在大腿上,或者放在扶手上,或者交叉着枕在头后面。这时旅途就正好结束了。

78.17世纪的帆船很小,并且在风大浪急的海上颠簸得厉害,所以大多数乘客都会晕船。

79.勇气是必须的,因为不管天气如何,厚重的帆都要由船员们挂起或降下,船员们经常会被大风吹到甲板上。

80.一些报纸支持那些极端主义者如右派或左派,但是大部分报纸都试图吸引那些持中立观点的美国人。

Section B

81. Studies show that men are more likely to suffer from heart attacks than women.

82. The weather has been dry this week.

83. I have found out that her conclusion is based on facts.

84. The issue can be discussed at the next meeting.

85. You can count on my help.

选作题Ⅱ:

Part VWriting

 Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary

 In many kinds of English tests such as CET ( College English Test), TEM ( Test for English majors), etc. a test of spoken English will be optional. Some people consider that it is unquestion-ably necessary to hold a test of spoken English in China because spoken English is as important as written English. Both of them are effective communication ways for English speakers. But some-times even those top students who are good at grammar and writing skills find that it is difficult to express their thoughts freely when speaking. A test of spoken English will make students attach more importance to oral English, and thus help them with their communicating skills.

 On the other hand, there are also people who hold that good reading, writing and translating skills would be enough for the average English learners. College students are already under great pressure from their study. Another required test will be a burden to them.

 In my opinion, I believe that a test of spoken English will do more good than harm. And I shall make all my efforts to practice and improve my spoken English.

 


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