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2018年湖北成人高考高起点英语预测真题及答案(四)

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2018年成人高考高起点英语预测真题及答案(四)

 

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2018年湖北成人高考高起点英语预测真题及答案(四).doc

选作题I:

 Part IDialogue Communication ( 15 % )

Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each fol-lowed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1. W: Would you do me a favor?

M:__________

A. I would.

B. With pleasure.

C. I don' t know if I can.

D. What is the favor?

2. W: Operator, I want to make a person-to-person call to Toronto, Canada. The number is 932 - 0808.

M:__________

A. But I don' t know whom you want to call.

B. What' s the name of the party you' re calling?

C. What' s the address of the person you' re calling?

D. What's the extension number you' re calling?

3. Speaker A: Wow! How nice the room is!

Speaker B:__________

A. It' s just so so.

B. So it is,

C. Is that so?

D. So you love it.

4. W: Sunshine Hotel. May I help you?

M: __________

A. All fight. My name is David Jones and my room number is 103.

B. Yes. We need a double room for this weekend.

C. Thank you, I' d like to make a long distance call to New Zealand.

D. Sorry. I don' t think you can help us. Thank you anyway.

5. M: I want to try on that black pair.

W: __________

A. Do you mean this black pair or that black pair?

B. Oh, I thought the red ones looked very nice on you.

C. Would you mind changing another pair?

D. Get the red ores, please. I' m busy.

6. Guest: I' d like a room with an ocean view (风景), please.

Clerk: I' m sorry. __________

A. Those rooms are all ordered.

B. Those rooms are all possessed.

C. Those rooms are all owned.

D. Those rooms are all held.

7. Speaker A: Are you feeling better now?

Speaker B:__________

A. Well, not too better yet, thank you.

B. Well, not too good yet. Better than I was though.

C. Well, it doesn' t matter.

D. I' m all right now.

8. W: My watch is not working.__________

M: It' s ten past twenty.

A. What time is it?

B. What' s the time?

C. What is time by your watch?

D. what time is it by your watch?

9. Speaker A: Can I do anything for you?

Speaker B :__________

A. No. You can' t do anything for me.

B. Never mind.

C. It' s my pleasure.

D. No, it' s all right. I can manage myself.

10. Speaker A: I' m terribly sorry for being so careless.

 Speaker B :__________

A. Never mind.

B. Don' t worry about it.

C. Don' t feel sorry about it.

D. I feel sorry too.

ll.W:__________

 M: I' d like to see a pair of brown shoes.

A. What do you want?

B. What can I do for you?

C. What do you like?

D. Do you want to buy something?

12. W: Please deposit (投进去) twenty more cents.

 M:__________

 A. Oh, dear, I don' t have any more money. I' 11 have to hang up now.

 B. Deposit twenty more cents. It' s an astronomical figure for me.

 C. Sorry, I didn' t owe you twenty more cents.

 D. Sorry, I didn' t even have a bank account book.

13. Katherine : Linda ! I haven' t seen you for ages. How are you?

 Linda: Fine. And you?

 Katherine: Pretty good. How' s Frank?

 Linda: Oh, don't you know? We got divorced two years ago.

 Katherine :__________

A. Oh, I am sorry.

B. What a pity !

C. It is really a problem.

D. Hope you' II be better.

14. W :A man from AT&T would like to talk with the manager on the new project. Is she available?

 M:__________

A. I' m sorry. She is engaged just now.

B. I' m sorry. She is free.

C. Pardon, please. She said she would come to meet sooner or later.

D. She said she should apologize for inconvenience.

15. Speaker A: Hello. May I speak to Sally, please?

 Speaker B:__________

A. May I ask who you are?

B. Yes. But the number is engaged.

C. Yes. This is Sally.

D. Thanks for calling.

Part IReading Comprehension (30 % )(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

 

Directions: There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfin-ished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.You should de-cide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage :

On November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln went to Gettysburg in Pennsylvania to speak at the National Soldiers Cemetery. The Civil War was still going on. There was much criticism of Presi-dent Lincoln at the time. He was not at all popular. He had been invited to speak at Gettysburg on-ly out of politeness. The principal speaker was to be Edward Everett, a famous statesman and speaker of the day. Everett was a handsome man and very popular everywhere.

It is said that Lincoln prepared his speech on the train while going to Gettysburg. Late that night, alone in his hotel room and tired out, he again worked briefly on the speech. The next day Everett spoke first. He spoke for an hour and 57 minutes. His speech was a perfect example of the rich oratory of the day. Then Lincoln rose. The crowd of 15,000 people at first paid little attention to him. He spoke for only nine minutes. At the end there was little applause. Lincoln turned to a friend and remarked,"I have failed again". On the train back to Washington, he said sadly, "That speech was a fiat failure, and the people are disappointed".

Some newspapers at first criticized the speech, but little by little as people redid the speech they began to understand better. (76) They began to appreciate its simplicity and its deep mean-ing. It was a speech which only Abraham Lincoln could have made.

Today, every American school child learns Lincoln' s Gettysburg Address by heart. Now eve-ryone thinks of it as one of the greatest speeches ever given in American history.

1. In 1863, Abraham Lincoln was__________.

A. very critical

B. unpopular

C. very popular

D. very courteous

2. Lincoln was invited to speak at the National Soldiers Cemetery because he was__________.

A. a famous speaker

B. a very handsome man

C. President of the country

D. a popular statesman

3. It can be inferred from the text that__________.

A. Lincoln prepared his speech very carefully before he went to Gettysburg

B. Lincoln was very busy at the time and didn' t have much time to prepare his speech

C. Lincoln' s speech was full of rich words

D. Lincoln' s speech was very long

4. It was a fact that Lincoln' s speech was__________.

A. an immediately success

B. warmly applauded

C. a total failure

D. not well-received at first

5. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

A. Lincoln' s Gettysburg Address has deep meaning.

B. Lincoln' s Gettysburg Address is simple in style.

C. Lincoln' s Gettysburg Address is memorized by every American school child.

D. Lincoln' s Gettysburg Address is the greatest speech ever delivered in the United States.

Passage 2(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

 

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

(77) In what now seems like the prehistoric times of computer history, the early post-war era( 站后时期 ), there was a quite widespread concern that computers would take over the world from man one day. Already today, less than forty years later, as computers are relieving us of more and more of the routine tasks in business and in our personal lives, we are facing with a less dramatic but also less foreseen problem. People tend to be over-trusting (过分信任) of computers and are re-luctant to challenge their authority. Indeed, they behave as if they were hardly aware that wrong buttons may be pushed, or that a computer may simply malfunction(失灵).

(78) Obviously, there would be no point in investing (投入) in a computer if you had to check all its answers, but people should also rely on their own internal computers and check the machine when they have the feeling that something has gone wrong. Questioning and routine double checks must continue to be as much a part of good business as they were in pre-computer days.

Maybe each computer should come with the following warning: for all the help this computer may provide, it should not be seen as a substitute for fundamental thinking and reasoning skills.

6. What is the main purpose of this passage?

A. To look back to the early days of computers.

B. To explain what technical problems may occur with computers.

C. To discourage unnecessary investment in computers.

D. To warn against the blindness to the probable shortcomings of computers.

7. The passage recommends those dealing with computers to__________.

A. be reasonably doubtful about them

B. check all their answers

C. substitute them for basic thinking

D. use them for business purpose only

8. An "internal computer" ( Para. 2 ) is__________.

A. a computer used exclusively by one company for its own problems

B. a person’s store of knowledge and the ability to process it

C. the most up to date in home computer a company can buy

D. a computer from the post-war era which is very reliable

9. The passage suggests that the present day problem with regard to computers is __________.

A. challenging

B. psychological

C. dramatic

D. over-trusting

10. It can be inferred from the passage that the author would disapprove of__________.

A. computer science courses in high schools

B. businessmen and women who use pocket calculators

C. maintenance(连续不断) checks on computers

D. companies which depend entirely on computers

Passage 3

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

To swim across the English Channel takes at least nine hours. It' s a hard work and it makes you short of breath. To fly over the Channel takes only twenty minutes ( as long as you' re not held up at the airport), but it' s an expensive way to travel. You can travel by hovercraft if you don' t mind the noise, and that takes forty minutes. Otherwise you can go by boat, if you forget your sea-sickness ills. All these means of transport have their problems and the weary( 不耐烦的)travel-er often dreams of being able to drive to France in his own car. "Not possible", you say. Well,wait a minute. People are once again considering the idea of a Channel tunnel or bridge.

This time, the Greater London Council is looking into the possibility of building a Channel link straight to London. (79) A bridge would cost far more than a tunnel, but you would be able to go by rail or by car on a bridge, whereas a tunnel would provide a rail link only.

Why is this idea being discussed again? Is Britain becoming more conscious of the need for links with Europe as a result of joining the EEC( 欧共体) ? Well, perhaps. The main reason,though, is that a tunnel or bridge would reach the twenty square kilometers of London' s disused dockland(船坞地) ~ A link from London to the continent would stimulate trade and re-vitalize(使…重新有活力) the port, and would make London a main trading center in Europe. (80)With a link over the Channel, you could buy your fish and chips in England, and be able to eat them in France while they were still warm!

11. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

 A. Swimming across the Channel takes less than four hours.

 B. The idea of a Channel tunnel or bridge is a very new one.

 C. It is considered to be more difficult to swim across the channel than any other means.

 D. A tunnel or bridge would only reach as far as the coast.

12. A tunnel would be__________.

 A. less expensive to be built than a bridge

 B. more expensive to be built than a bridge

 C. less expensive to be built than a rail

 D. more expensive to be built than a rail

13. If they built a Channel tunnel, you would__________.

 A. neither take a train nor go by car

 B. only take a train

 C. either take a train or go by car

 D. only take a bus

14. It can be concluded that many of London' s dockyards are__________.

 A. not used

B. seriously blocked

 C. fully used

D. opened again

15. Channel link would__________.

 A. allow us to buy fish and chips in France

 B. make the journey from Europe to England dangerous but easier and faster

 C. decrease more trade for London' s dockyards

 D. make London more prosperous again

 Part 11Vocabulary and Structure ( 30 % )

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences.For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corre-sponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

16. One must try his best to __________to the new environment.

 A. adopt

B. adapt

 C. adept

D. apt

17. Christmas is a holiday usually celebrated on December 25th __________the birth of Jesus Christ.

A. in accordance with

B. in terms of

C. in favor of

D. in honor of

18. Hospital doctors don' t go out very often as their work __________all their time.

A. takes away

B. takes in

C. takes over

D. takes up

19. Do you know why John didn't__________ at the party yesterday evening?

A. show off

B. show down

C. show up

D. show in

20. Stupid people often find it difficult to__________their prejudices.

A. give in

B. give away

C. give into

D. give up

 21. They built the wall especially high so that the little boy couldn' t __________it.

A. get on

B. get up

C. get to

D. get over

22. If you don' t put the milk in the refrigerator, it may__________.

A. go by

B. go off

C. go on

D. go back

23. No sooner had I closed the door than somebody started knocking __________it.

A. on

B. with

C. to

D. for

24. Every director needs an assistant that he can __________to take care of problems that may occur in his absence.

A. count of

B. count for

C. count on

D. account for

25. Living things are __________cells, and cells do not grow to more than twice the size they were at first.

A. made from

B. made up of

C. made up from

D. made of

26. Do what you think is right,__________ they say.

A. however

B. whatever

C. whichever

D. if only

27. Our society has changed and __________in it.

A. so the people have

B. the people have so

C. so have the people

D. have the people so

28. Young__________ he is, he knows what is the right thing to do.

A. that

B. as

C. although

D. however

29. She __________the washing out in the garden because it was fine yesterday.

A. hung

B. hang

C. hanged

D. hanging

30. He is very __________in using money.

A. economic

B. economical

Co economy

D. economize

31. Babies often__________ down when they are learning to walk.

A. drop

B. fall

C. slip

D. jump

32.__________ English, she is studying Japanese and French.

A. Except

B. Except for

C. Beside

D. Besides

33. __________your homework and make sure that you don' t__________ any mistakes.

A. Do ; do

B. Make; make

C. Make; do

D. Do; make

34. The flat where we live __________three rooms only.

A. is comprised of

B. is made of

C. contain

D. is composed of

35. Because the company was doing more business, it was necessary to __________the factory.

A. extend

B. increase

C. rise

D. lookers

36. A country must always be __________guard against spies and invaders.

A. in

B. to

C. with

D. on

37. We must leave the party at exactly 9: 00__________ we' 11 be late for work.

A. for else

B. other

C. else

D. otherwise

38. He remembered clearly that he__________the book on her desk yesterday.

A. lied

B. lay

C. lying

D. laid

39. I don' t think he is serious,__________.

A. do I

B. is he

C. don' t I

D. isn' t he

40. Cancellation of the flight __________many passengers to spend the night at the airport.

A. resulted

B. obliged

C. demanded

D. recommended

41.__________in a recent science competition, the three students were awarded scholarships totaling$ 21,000.

A. Judged the best

B. Judging the best

C. To be judged the best

D. Having judged the best

42. Everything we eat and drink contains some salt; we can meet the body' s need for it from natu- ral sources without turning __________the salt bottle.

A. up

B. To

C. on

D. over

43. I' d rather have a room of my own, however small it is, than__________a room with someoneelse.

A. share

B. to share

C. sharing

D. to have shared

44. He will surely finish the job on time __________he' s left to do it in his own way.

A. in that

B. so long as

C. in case

D. as far as

45. In my opinion, you can widen the __________of these improvements through your active partici-pation.

A. dimension

B. volume

C. magnitude

D. scope

Part ⅢIdentification ( 10 % )

 Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A,B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

46.

1.png

47.

 

48.

 

49.

 

50.

 

51.

 

52.

 

53.

 

54.

 

55.

 

Part 1VCloze ( 10% )(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

 

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices markde A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Do you know insurance(保险) ? Buying insurance is a56by which people can protect themselves57large losses. Protection against fire is one kind of insurance. Large numbers of people pay58sums of money59an insurance company. Although thousands of people have paid for fire insurance, only60will lose their homes by fire. The insurance company will pay for these homes61of the sums of money it has collected.

The first modem fire insurance company was62in London, England, in 1666. A great fire had just63most of the city, and people wanted to protect against64losses. The fire company grew rapidly.65, other companies were founded in other areas.

Benjamin Franklin helped form the fast fire insurance company in America in 1752. He also 66a new kind of insurance for67 The new insurance would offer protection against the loss of crops68storm.

In 1759, Benjamin Franklin helped start69new insurance. This company, which offered 70insurance, collected some money71from different men. Although a man died, his family was given a large sum of money. Today, this company is72in business.

Over the years, people have73from many new kinds of insurance when they have suf- fered from74accidents as car, plane crashes. Tomorrow, almost everyone has75kind of insurance.

56. A. idea

B. sole

C. thought

D. means

57. A. against

B. to

C. from

D. on

58. A. small

B. large

C. little

D. a lot of

59. A. for

B. to

C. off

D. into

60. A. few

B. quite a few

C. a few

D. many

61. A. out

B.to

C. by

D. of

62. A. recognized

B. found

C. come into being

D. formed

63. A. injured

B. hurt

C. destroyed

D. harmed

64. A. longer

B. farther

C. further

D. deeper

65. A. Quickly

B. Soon

C. Slowly

D. Immediately

66. A. insisted

B. suggested

C. advised

D. wanted

67. A. workers

B.salesmen

C. farmers

D. people

68. A. by

B. from

C. for

D. with

69. A. other

B. the other

C. others

D. another

70. A. life

B. flight

C. fire

D. traffic accident

71. A. regularly

B. often

C. usually

D. always

72. A. still

B. yet

C. already

D. often

73. A. heard

B. paid

C. benefited

D. offered

74. A. such

B. many

C. the

D. more

75. A. certain

B. any

C. some

D. one

Part VTranslation (20 % )

Section A(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

 

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into CAinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can re-fer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.

76. They began to appreciate its simplicity and its deep meaning. It was a speech which only Abra- ham Lincoln could have made. (Passage 1 )

77. In what now seems like the prehistoric times of computer history, the early post-war era( 战后时期), there was a quite widespread concern that computers would take over the world from man one day. (Passage 2 )

78. Obviously, there would be no point in investing(投入) in a computer if you had to check all its answers, but people should also rely on their own internal computers and check the machine when they have the feeling that something has gone wrong. (Passage 2 )

79. A bridge would cost far more than a tunnel, but you would be able to go by rail or by car on a bridge, whereas a tunnel would provide a rail link only. (Passage 3)

80. With a link over the Channel, you could buy your fish and chips in England and be able to eat them in France while they were still warm! (Passage 3)

Section B

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

81.专家们说,伴随着电视机长大的一代人,在电视机前花的时问太多,以至于没有足够的时间学习了。

82.父母没有预料到孩子的问题这样难回答。

83.你知道今天报纸上有一篇重要的文章吗?

84.运动会已经延迟到下星期一了。

85.他连自己都养不活,更别说养家了。

选作题Ⅱ:

Part VWriting (15%)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "A Friend to Remember". You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:

1.简要地介绍你的一位朋友;

2.你怀念他/她的原因。

参考答案:

选作题I:

Part I Dialogue Communication

 1.B2.B3.D4.B5.B6.B7.B8.D9.Dl0.A11.Bl2.Al3.Al4.Al5.C

 Part IReading Comprehension

 Passage l

1.B事实细节题。第一段中提到林肯总统当时受到了很多批评,而且一点也不受欢迎。criti—cal“批评的,爱挑剔的”,所以A不对。

2.C推理判断题。根据文章第一段的第五句,人们之所以出于礼貌请他做演讲,就是因为他是总统。

3.B推理判断题。从第二段可知,林肯是在路上写的演讲稿,并且当晚只是“briefly(简单地)”修改了一下。由此可推断出他当时很忙,没有充足的准备时间。

4.D事实细节题。由三、四段可知,尽管林肯的演讲最初并未成功,但这篇简短的演说后来深入人心,不能说是彻底的失败。

5.D事实细节题。根据最后一句话,林肯的演讲是美国历史上最伟大的演讲之一,但并未说是最伟大的演讲,所以选D。

Passage 2

 6.D归纳概括题。写此文的目的可从文章的内容概括出来。文章第一段讲的是当代人们过分信任计算机;第二段讲人类应该依赖自己的大脑,不应把计算机看作是思考技能的替代品。综上可知防止人们盲目地信任计算机才是本文的写作目的。

7.A事实细节题。由第二段可知,作者在建议人们应依靠自己的大脑,对待计算机要持ques—tioning(敢于怀疑)的态度并采取double check(仔细检查)的手段。所以选A,意思是要持理性怀疑态度,也就是不要盲目地完全依赖它。作者并没有说完全不信任计算机,要

逐一核对答案,这样计算机恐怕真的要扔掉了,所以B曲解了作者的用意。C(用电脑代替人脑)是作者在文中最反对的;D(仅将电脑用于商业)太片面了。

8.B推理判断题。人类自己所拥有的“内部计算机”当然是指大脑以及大脑内所存储的知识了。这也体现了作者反对用电脑代替人脑的写作目的。

9.D事实细节题。0ver—trusting“过分信任的”。正如作者在第一段第三句所述,人类对待计算机的问题主要在于过分相信它并不愿挑战它的权威性。challengin9“挑战的”;psy-chological“心理的”;dramatic“戏剧性的”。

10.D推理判断题。此类题须弄清作者的真正意图。正如前面所述,作者提倡的并不是完全不信任计算机,而是不要盲目地完全依赖它。A、B、C三项都是以不同方式使用计算机,而作者并未完全否定计算机的使用,所以这三项都不能选。只有D(完全依赖计算机)才是作者不赞成的。

Passage 3

11.C推理判断题。可用排除法。开篇第一句已清楚地说明游过英吉利海峡至少要九小时,所以A说少于四小时是不对的;第一段最后一句中有一个非常重要的词,就是again。既然是again就说明建隧道、修大桥已不是新想法了,B也随之被淘汰;根据文章第二段第一句,隧道可直达伦敦,不只到海岸线,D也排除了。而C是正确的,游过去当然要比坐船、乘飞机困难多了。

12.A事实细节题。根据文章第二段第二句,建隧道要比建大桥便宜得多。

13.B事实细节题。根据文章第二段第二句,隧道里只能供火车行走。

14.A事实细节题。根据文章第三段第四句,伦敦的船坞地都是disused(废弃不用的)。

15.D事实细节题。文章最后一段倒数第二句,这条路能够激活贸易,使伦敦成为欧洲的一个商业中心,所以当然会使伦敦繁荣起来。A显然低估了这条通路的作用;B、C谈到的作用都是负面的。

PartⅡVocabulary and Structure

16.B本题考查形近词辨析。adapt to“适应…”;adopt及物动词,不和to搭配,“采用,收养”;adept形容词,“熟练的”;apt形容词,“易于…的,灵敏的,灵巧的”。句意为:一个人必须尽最大努力去适应新环境。

17.D本题考查介词短语辨析。in honor of“为表示对…的尊敬;为了纪念…”;in accordance with“按照,根据,与…一致”;in terms of“以…的观点;就…而说”;in favor of“赞成,支持”。句意为:圣诞节通常是在l2月25日庆祝以纪念耶稣的出生。

18.D本题考查动词搭配。take up“占据(时间,空间等),开始从事”;take away“带走”;take in“收留,欺骗”;take over“接管”。句意为:医院的医生不会经常出去是因为他们的工作占据了他们所有的时间。

19.C本题考查动词搭配。show up“出现,到场”;show off“炫耀,夸耀”;show in“领进(客人等)”;没有“show down”这样的词组。句意为:你知道昨天晚会约翰为什么没来吗?

20.D本题考查动词搭配。give up“放弃(念头、希望等),戒掉”;give in“屈服,投降”;give away“赠送”。句意为:愚蠢的人总是觉得打消对别人的偏见很难。

21.D本题考查动词搭配。get over“克服,痊愈,越过,做完”;get on“相处融洽,继续”;get up“起床”;get to“到达”。句意为:他们把墙建得特别高,这样这个小男孩就不能翻墙了。

22.B本题考查动词搭配.go off“爆炸,(食物等)变质,消失”;go by“经过,遵照,依照”;go on“继续”;go back“回去”。句意为:如果不把牛奶放进冰箱,它就可能变质。

23.A本题考查介词用法。knock on/at the door“敲门”。句意为:我刚关上门就有入敲门。

24.C本题考查动词短语。count on“依靠,依赖”;account for“对…做出解释”。句意为:每位主管都需要一名他能信赖的助手,在他不在的时候替他处理可能出现的问题。

25.B本题考查动词短语。be made up of“由…组成”;be made of“由…制成(看得出原材料)”;be made from“由…制成(看不出原材料)”。句意为:生物由细胞组成,细胞不会生长到原来大小的两倍。

26.B本题考查连词的用法。whatever“无论什么”;however“然而,无论怎样”;whichever “无论哪一个”;if only“只要”。句意为:无论他们说什么,做你认为对的事吧!

27.C本题考查倒装的用法。“so+助动词/情态动词+主语”用在肯定句中,表示前者的情况也同样适用于后者,通常翻泽成“…也是”。如:l’m doing my homework,SO is he.我在做作业,他也是。句意为:我们的社会变了,人们也变了。

28.B本题考查倒装的用法。当as表示“虽然,尽管”引导让步状语从句的时候,其所在分句往往用倒装,将表语前置。though也可这样用。如:Clever as/though he was,he failedin the exam.尽管他聪明,考试却没及格。句意为:尽管他还年轻,却知道什么是正确的事情。

29.A本题考查hang的两种过去式。hang表示“悬挂”时过去式和过去分词都是hung;表示“吊死”时过去式和过去分词都是hanged。此句中hang表示“悬挂”。句意为:因为昨天天气好,她把洗的衣服挂在花园里。

30.B本题考查形近词辨析。economical(adj.)“节约的,经济的”;economic(adj.)“经济(上)的,经济学的”;economy(n.)“经济”;economize(v.)“节约,节省”。句意为:他在用钱上很节省。

31.B本题考查同义词辨析。fall down“(因不小心等)跌倒,摔倒”;drop“落下,下降”;slip专指“滑倒”;jump“跳”。句意为:婴儿学走路时经常跌倒。

32.D本题考查except,except for,besides,beside之间的区别。besides“除…之外还有…”;except“除…之外(不包括在内)”;except for“整体除去某一点”;beside“在…旁边”。句意为:除了英语之外,她还学日语和法语。

33.D本题考查动词搭配。do one’s homework“做作业”;make mistakes“犯错误”。句意为:做作业,还要保证别犯错误。

34.D本题考查近义词组辨析。be composed of“由…组成”;comprise“包括…,=be com.posed of”,本身不用被动语态;be made of“由…制成”;contain“包含”,但该词未用第三人称单数。句意为:我们所居住的单元房只有三个房间。

35.A本题考查动词辨析。extend“扩充,延伸,伸展(领域,范围等)”;increase“增加(数量等)”;rise“升高”。句意为:由于公司要做更多的生意,有必要扩建厂房。

36.D本题考查固定搭配。on guard“守卫,警惕,提防”。句意为:一个国家必须时刻提防间谍和入侵者。

37.D本题考查近义词辨析。otherwise(adv.)“另外,否则”;0ther(actj./pron.)“其他的”;else(adj.)“别的,其他的”。句意为:我们必须在9点整离开晚会,否则上班就迟到了。

38.D本题考查lie和lay的过去式和过去分词。lay表示“放置,产卵”,过去式和过去分词是“laid,laid”;lie表示“躺,位于”过去式和过去分词是“lay,lain”。句意为:他清楚地记得昨天把书放在她的书桌上了。

39.D本题考查反意疑问句。在I think,I believe,I suppose,I suspect等结构时,附加疑问部分和that分句中的谓语动词保持对应关系,但要注意否定的转移。

40.B本题考查动词辨析。oblige“迫使”;result(in/from)“导致,由于”(后接名词或动名词);demand“要求”;recommend“推荐”。句意为:航班的取消迫使许多旅客在机场过夜。

41.A本题考查分词的用法。主句的主语the three students与分词的动作judge之间存在被动关系,即the three students被断定是最好的,所以应用过去分词做状语。句意为:由于在最近的理科竞赛中被认为是表现最好的,这三名同学共获奖学金21,000美元。

42.B本题考查动词搭配。tum to“向…求助”;turn up“出现,调高(音量等)”;turn on“打开(电器等)”;turn over“翻身”。句意为:我们吃的食物和喝的饮料中都含盐;我们不用使用盐瓶中的盐就能从自然资源中满足身体所需。

43.A本题考查would rather的用法。would rather后接三种形式:would rather do sth.(宁愿做…);would rather do sth.than do sth.;would rather that...(宁愿…)。句意为:无论多么小,我都想要一个自己的房问,而不愿和别人住在一起。

44.B本题考查连词词组的用法。SO long as“只要…就…”;in case“以防…”;as far as“根据…,就…而言”。句意为:只要让他用他自己的方法做,他肯定能按时完成工作。

45.D本题考查名词辨析。dimension“长、宽、厚、高度”;volume“卷,册,体积,量,大量,音量”;magnitude“大小,数量,巨大,广大,量级”;scope“范围,范畴,领域;余地,机会”。句意为:依我看,你可以通过主动参加的方式来扩大改进范围。

PartⅢIdentification

46.B语态错误,应改为proves。prove(to be)sth./adj./that…“被证明…”,本身包含被动的意思,所以通常不用be proved。

47.A单复数错误,应改为three-field。“数词+名词”构成的合成形容词中,名词要用单数。如:all 80-year-—old man。

48.C定语从句引导词错误,应改为in which或that或省略引导词。当way表示“方式”,后接定语从句的时候,引导词有三种:in which,that或省略。

49.B虚拟语气用法错误,应改为(should)meet。suggest表建议时,从句中用虚拟,其构成是should+动词原形,should可省。

50.D虚拟语气用法错误,应改为(should)be respected。在it is necessary/important that…(做…是必要的/重要的)句型中,要用虚拟语气,其构成是should+动词原形,should可省。

51.B主谓搭配错误,应改为confirms。主语从句做主语,谓语用单数。

52.C介词搭配错误,应改为to。inferior to“次于,劣于”。、

53.D不定代词用法错误,应改为anything。hardly是否定副词,所以本句属于否定句。在否定、疑问、条件句中应用anything,不能用something。

54.A时态错误,应改为lend。will之后跟动词原形。

55.D主谓搭配错误,应改为is。physics“物理”。尽管以“一s”结尾,但它是单数。类似的还有politics,economics,news等。

PartⅣCloze

56.D by means of“通过…的方式/手段”,固定搭配。

57.A protect sb.against sth.“保护某人免受…的伤害”,固定搭配。从下文“protection against fire”也可以看出。

58.A a big/large/small sum of money“一大笔/小笔钱”。人们上保险的钱对于保险公司来说,是很小的数目,所以选A。

59.B pay money to sb.“向某人付钱”,固定搭配。

60.C四个选项都可修饰可数名词。few“几乎没有”,表示否定;quite a few“相当多”;a few“少数几个”;many“许多”。因为文中出现了only,就说明“有”,但“不多”,所以选C。

61.A out of“从…当中,出于”,如six out of ten(十分之六)。该句意思是“保险公司从收到的保险金里拿出一部分支付给这些家庭。”

62.D form“形成,组建”;recognize“认识到,认出,识别出”;found“建立”,但可惜的是该词是原形,没有用过去分词,与原句中的“was”构成被动语态;而come into being“产生”没有被动语态。

63.C destroy表示“破坏,毁坏,消灭”,程度较深,一般无法挽救;injure通常指“人受伤”;hurt往往指“(人心理、感情)受到伤害”;harm“损害,伤害”,但此词比destroy程度轻很多。1666年伦敦的那场大火在历史上都是罕见的,所以该用destroyed。

64.C further“进一步的,更深一层的”;longer“更长的,更久的”;farther“更远的”,指距离;deeper“更深的”。人们害怕再有进一步的损失,所以选c。

65.B soon“不久”,强调时间快;quickly“很快地”,强调动作迅速;immediately“立即,马上”,强调立竿见影。

66.B suggest“建议,提出”;insist(on doing)/that…“坚持做认为…”;advise“劝告,忠告”;want“想要”。联系上下文,B符合题意。

67.C根据下文中出现的crops可知,应是farmers。

68.A by“通过,经过”。意即“经过暴风雨后造成的粮食损失”。

69.D another“又一,再一”,修饰名词单数。前面有了一项火灾保险,又制定了一项新的保险应用another来表示。0ther往往修饰复数名词,表示“其他的”;the other往往和one相搭配,表示“一个…,另一个…”;0thers则表示“其他人,其他物”,是复数,后不能再跟名词。

70.A Hfe insurance“人身保险”。

71.A regularly“定期地”,保险费是定期收取的。

72.A still“仍然,仍旧”;yet“然而”,表转折;already“已经”;often“经常”。

73.C benefit from“从…中受益”;hear from“收到某人来信”;pay和offer都是及物动词,不与from连用。该句意思是“人们从许多种类的保险中受益。”

74.A such as“诸如,像”,固定搭配,表列举。

75.C some“某一个”,表不确指,后跟单数名词。也可说a certain。该句意思是几乎每个人都上了某种保险。

Part V Translation

Section A

76.他们开始欣赏它简单的形式和深刻的含义。这篇演讲稿只有林肯才能写得出。

77.在战后初期,一个如今看来像是计算机史前时期的时代,人们普遍地担心有一天计算机会从人类手中接管世界。

78.显然,如果所有的答案都需要核对的话,买电脑就没有意义了,但人们也应该依赖自己的“内部电脑”,并在感觉出问题的时候检查一下机器。

79.建大桥的开支要比修隧道大得多,但是在桥上既可以通火车也可以通汽车,而在隧道里却只能通火车。

80.有了海峡上的这条通道,你可以在英国买鱼和薯片,到了法国吃的时候它们还是热的!

Section B

81. The experts say that the generation growing up with TV spend too much time in front of TV sets to find enough time to study.

82. The parents did not expect that their child' s question was so difficult to answer.

83. Do you know that there is an important article in today' s newspaper?

84. The sports meet has been put off fill next Monday.

85. He can' t even support himself, let alone a family.

选作题Ⅱ:

Part VWriting

A Friend to Remember

 Sophia was one of my best friends in college. She was a tall girl with big eyes and short hair.

Her family was poor because her father died when she was still a child. In spite of this, she was very optimistic and never lost heart. She struck people as a strong-minded and self-confident girl.

And that was why I admired her a lot. One of her favorite quotations was "tomorrow is another day" and she always encouraged herself with Scarlett' s spirit when she was faced with difficulties.

 We had a lot in common. We both liked singing, reading and shopping. Singing songs to-gether with her was a lot of fun. I enjoyed my college life very much with her company. Now she is working in another city, and we hardly have any chance to see each other. However, she will al-ways be my best friend.


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