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2018年湖北成人高考高起点英语预测真题及答案(三)

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2018年成人高考高起点英语预测真题及答案(三)

 

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选作题I:

 Part IDialogue Communication ( 15 % )

Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each fol-lowed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1. Son: Morn, may I play my computer game for an hour or two?

Mom:__________

A. Your teacher tells me that you should study harder.

B. I' ve said before that the game takes too long.

C. Well, ah.,.You' re absolutely right to ask.

D. Sorry. Dad' s using the computer now.

2. W: I don' t know why we listen to George?

M:__________

A. I don' t know exactly why, either.

B. I guess we are wrong this time.

C. I know. But perhaps you don' t know why.

D. George, you know, is one of the hardest working students among us.

3. Speaker A: Would you mind if I use your pen for a while?

Speaker B :__________

A. Yes. By all means.

B. No. By no means.

C. No. It' s my pleasure.

D. No. Most unwillingly.

4. W: I' m anxious to get started on our project. Can we meet sometime before the weekend?

M:__________

A. Never mind. Shall we meet on Sunday?

B. Your project? I have no time studying your project.

C. OK. What about Friday morning?

D. OK. Library is the best place for us to meet.

5. W: Hi, Jane. Do you have any change? I have to make a call on the pay phone.

M:__________

A. Speaking please. I can pay for your phone.

B. What? You want to borrow some money to buy a phone?

C. No change at all. Are you calling from a pay phone?

D. Pay phone? Why not use my mobile phone?

6. Salesman: Good morning. Planning to buy a new car today?

Customer:__________

Salesman: What kind of car are you looking for?

Customer: Something that has enough room for my family.

A. I' m just looking around.

B. I' m just looking everywhere.

C. I' m just looking here and there.

D. I' m just looking all the cars.

7. Speaker A: May I speak to Dr. Wang, please?

Speaker B :__________

A. Hold on a second, please. I' 1l put him on.

B. Sorry, Mr. Wang is not available fight now.

C. I am not sure because I don' t know what he is doing.

D. Thank you very much for calling.

8. Speaker A: I was wondering whether you needed any part-timers (业余工).

Speaker B:__________

A. There is nothing at present, but look in a week.

B. It' s not the right time. See you later.

C. I' m wondering what you can do for us.

D. We need a lot of part-timers but not you.

9. Student A: I feel sick.

Student B :__________

Student A:I' m not sure, but I have got a bad headache.

 A. I' m sorry to hear that.

 B. How are you feeling now?

 C. Do you have a temperature?

 D. It is a pity.

10. Speaker A: I haven't seen you for ages. You haven't been sick, have you?

 Speaker B :__________

 A. You are kidding. I was out of town recently.

 B. It' s impossible. I was in the South.

 C. No, I stayed in California for a couple of weeks.

 D. Not at all. I went to California for a couple of weeks.

11. Speaker A : Remember me to David, won' t you?

 Speaker B :__________

 A. Yes. He' 11 remember you for a long time.

 B. No. I don' t remember who' s David.

 C. Yes. I' 11 give him your regards as soon as I get there.

 D. No. I can' t remember anything now.

12. W: It seems to be clearing up.

 M:__________

 A. It' s such a nice change.

 B. I don' t think this weather will last.

 C. I hope it stays warm.

 D. As long as it rains.

13. Student A: May I use your computer this afternoon?

 Student B : I' m sorry, but I have to finish typing this term paper today.

 Student A :__________

 A. Do as you please.

B. It doesn' t matter.

C. Thank you all the same.

D. Never mind.

14. Salesman: How would you like this one? It's only 699. It is on sale(大甩卖).

 Customer:__________

 A. I don' t quite like it.

 B. Are you sure it is on sale? It is expensive, I think.

 C. Yes, I like it very much.

 D. Looks all right. Does the price include delivery charges?

15. Speaker A:Tom,why don't you come and have the picnic with us?

 Speaker B :__________

 A. How dare you invite me?

 B. I' d love to. Thank you.

 C. Yes. But thanks anyway.

 D. Whether I' 11 go or not is not your business.

Part ⅠReading Comprehension (30%))(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

 

Directions : There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfin-ished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage :

We all know that it is possible for ordinary people to make their homes on the equator (赤道), although often they may feel uncomfortably hot there. Millions do it. But as for the North Pole (北极)—— we know that it is not only a dangerously cold place, but that people like you and I would find it quite impossible to live there. At the present time only the scientists and explorers can do so, and they use special equipment. (76) Men have been travelling across and around the e-quator on wheels, on their feet or in ships for thousands of years; but only a few men, with great difficulty and in very recent time, have ever crossed the ice to the North Pole. So it may surprise you to learn that, when traveling by air, it is really safer to fly over the North Pole than over the e-quator. Of course, it is not true about landings in the polar region, but the weather, if we are fly-ing at a height of 5,000 meters above the Pole is a delight. At 4,000 meters and move above the earth you can always be sure that you will not see a cloud in the sky as far as your eyes can reach.

In the tropics ( 热带), on the other hand, you are not certain to keep clear of bad weather even at such heights as 18,000 or 20,000 meters.

Aeroplanes can' t climb as high or as quickly in cold air as in warm. Nor can clouds. (77)In practice, this is an advantage to the aeroplane, which is already at a good height when it reaches the polar region and so does not to climb, while at the same time cold air keeps the clouds down low.

1." Millions do it ." in this sentence "do it" refers to__________.

A. feeling uncomfortably hot on the equator

B. flying over the North Pole

C. flying over the equator

D. making homes on the equator__________.

2. The polar region is

A. a good place to land at by aeroplane

B. a good place to fly over

C. a good place to fly past

D. a good place to live in

3. It is a delight to fly at the Pole because there__________.

A. planes fly higher than at the equator

B. the eyes can reach about 4,000 meters

C. planes are clear of bad weather

D. planes fly more quickly than at the equator

4. Aeroplanes can climb quickly__________.

A. in warm air

B. in cold air

C. when it reaches the polar region

D. only when the clouds are down low

5. Aeroplanes usually do not need to climb quickly or fly high in the polar region because__________.

A. they do not land there

B. there are no clouds at all

C. they can cross the ice with special equipment

D. it is very cold

Passage 2)(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

 

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage :

Trees are useful to man in three important ways: they provide him with wood and other prod-ucts; they give him shade; and they help to prevent droughts and floods.

Unfortunately, in many parts of the world, man has not realized that the third of these services is the most important. (78)In his eagerness to make money from trees, he has cut them down in large numbers, only to find that without ,them he has lost the best friends he had. And besides, he is usually too careless to plant and look after new trees. So the forests slowly disappear.

This does not only mean that man will have fewer trees. The results are even more serious:for where there are trees, their roots break up soil--allowing the rain to sink in--and also bind the soil, thus preventing it from being washed away easily; but where there are no trees, the rain falls on hard ground and flows away, causing floods and carrying away the rich top-soil. When all the top-soil is gone, nothing remains but worthless desert.

Two thousand years ago a rich and powerful country cut down its trees to build warships, with which to gain itself an empire. It set up the empire but, without its trees, its soil became poor and it grew weak. When the empire fell to pieces, the home country found itself faced with floods and starvation.

6. What is the most important service of trees to man according to the passage?

A. They help him make money.

B. They give him wood and other products.

C. They help him prevent droughts and floods.

D. They give him shade.

7. Why do forests in many parts of the world slowly disappear?

A. New trees are not looked after properly.

B. Many trees have been cut down by man.

C. Man has not paid enough attention to planting trees.~

D. All of the above.

8. Why did the country mentioned in the passage suffer from floods and starvation?

A. Because an empire was set up.

B. Because the empire fell to pieces.

C. Because it lost its trees.

D. Because too much had been spent on wars.

9. Why does land become desert after all trees are cut down?

A. Because nothing remains on land except floods.

B. Because there are no longer trees to keep the rain and protect the top-soil.

C. Because too much rain sinks in and washes away the top-soil.

D. Because roots of the trees break up the soil.

10. What does the author tell us in this passage?

A. How trees help prevent droughts and floods.

B. The relationship between trees and man.

C. How an empire fell to pieces in ancient times.

D. A story of trees.

 Passage 3)(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

 

 Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

 Birth, marriage and death:these are the greatest events in human life. Many things, good and bad, can happen to us in our lives. (79)Yet there are three days which are usually marked by some kind of special ceremony: the day we are bom ;the day we get married and the day we die.

 These are the three main events in life. We only have a choice in the second of these: we can choose whether or not to marry. But we have no choice in birth and death. All human beings-- from the most primitive to the most sophisticated--are affected by these three events. The only thing that differs in each society is the way these events are celebrated. Yet all societies share com- mon characteristics. Birth is a time of joy. The proud parents receive congratulations and presents on behalf of the new-born. Marriage is also a time of joy. The young couple go through a special wedding ceremony and receive presents to help them set up their home. (80)Death is a time of sorrow and is marked by a special ceremony and mourning. The dates of all three events are usually remembered.

11. All human societies__________.

A. celebrate the three main events in life, but in different ways

B. are not affected by these three events

C. celebrate these three events in exactly the same way

 D. are the same

12. The dates of the three main events in life are usually remembered because __________.

A. of the celebrations

B. they are important

C. there are special ceremonies

D. societies share common characteristics

13. There are three days__________ are usually marked by some kind of special ceremony.

A. who

B. that

C. when

D. whose

14. These three events __________all human beings.

A. affected

B. have affected

C. are affecting

D. affect

15. These are the greatest __________in human life.

A. situations

B. happenings

C. conditions

D. facts

PartⅡVocabulary and Structure (30 % )

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences.For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corre-sponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

16. I__________ talk that way if I were Frank.

A. won' t

B. didn' t

C. couldn' t

D. wouldn' t

17.__________ today, he would get there by Friday.

A. Were he leave

B. Was he leaving

C. Were he to leave

D. If he leaves

18. I can' t speak Japanese, but I do wish I__________.

A. can

B. could

C. had

D. spoke

19. I' d rather you __________anything about this matter this evening.

A. say

B. didn' t say

C. don' t say

D. not say

20. Wood does not conduct electricity,__________.

A. nor rubber does

B. nor does rubber

C. also doesn' t rubber

D. so doesn' t rubber

21. Not only __________be interesting to us, but also its language will help us in composition.

A. the novel will

B. will the novel

C. is the novel

D. the novel is

22. Your comments __________my work have proved to be helpful.

A. in

B. for

C. on

D. against

23. When she does something, Mrs. Brown feels that her little child is always__________.

A. under way

B. in the way

C. on the way

D. by the way

24. Shortly after the accident, two__________ policemen came to the spot.

A. dozen of

B. dozens

C. dozen

D. dozens of

25. It' s really kind__________.

A. of you to say so

B. for you to say so

C. of you saying so

D. for you saying so

26. She could only see the__________of the trees.

A. outline

B. general

C. edge

D. outlook

27. I can' t tell the __________difference between the twin sisters.

A. slight

B. simple

C. slender

D. single

28. This is a nice car,but we cannot__________it.

A. provide

B. afford

C. supply

D. manage

29. The meeting will begin at 9:00 according to the__________.

A. calendar

B. column

C. schedule

D. diagram

30. The company is small but promising. __________, I' 11 take the job.

A. In some cases

B. In that case

C. In case

D. In any case

31. The notice was written in several languages__________ foreign tourists should misunderstand it.

A. so that

B. if

C. lest

D. otherwise

32. One car went too fast and__________missed hitting another car.

A. completely

B. greatly

C. narrowly

D. little

33. We substitute fish__________ meat several times a week.

A. for

B. to

C. with

D. and

34. Tony is very disappointed __________the results of the exam.

A. for

B. toward

C. on

D. with

35. To make up an objective test, the teacher writes a series of questions,__________ has only one correct answer.

A. some of which

B. which

C. each of which

D. that

36. He used to get up late,__________?

A. do not he

B. didn' t he

C. did he

D. use he

37. A woman and three children are said __________ in the traffic accident.

A. to be injured

B. having been injured

C. to have been injured

D. being injured

38. Susan is not very intelligent, __________work very hard.

A. not does she

B. either does she

C. or does she

D. neither does she

39.__________ , the new medicine is now in mass production.

A. With the solved problem

B. With this problem being solved

C. With the problem solved

D. With this problem to solve

40. His carelessness__________his failure in the exams.

A. resulted from

B. resulted in

C. resulted

D. resulted to

41. In a second hand bookshop, Billy came across a book which he thought was certainly a__________edition.

A. rare

B. scarce

C. seldom

D. hardly

42. During the voyage, Darwin collected a good deal of information about living things, which__________led to his famous book "On the Origin of Species".

A. lastly

B. completely

C. essentially

D. eventually

43. I' ve been working on my vocabulary actively, and one way to __________it is to see films in English on TV.

A. go down

B. go up

C. improve

D. decrease

44.__________I' d have told you.

A. If I would have known it

B. If I had have known it

C. Had I known it

D. Should I known it

45. While I was waiting for her, I killed time__________ looking in the show windows.

A. by

B. with

C. in

D. with

Part mIdentification (10%)

Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

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 Part 1VCloze (10%))(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

 

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A ,B,C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Not long ago, I had my first on-line chat. I thought it would be56because I have heard so many people57it in that way. But it was, disappointingly, quite an unpleasant58 On line I met a man59said he was a manager in a big company in Dalian. We60 pleasantly first, then exchanged e-mail61in order to keep in touch in the future.62, he sent me63. When I opened it, I found, to my64, a detailed(详细的) self-introduction including age,65, weight, habits and future plans. It was an advertisement for a dating (约会) service! I was hurt66felt rather angry.

When I told a veteran(有经验的) Intemet surfer(网民)67my experience, he said it was not68. I was69 The Web provides such a nice, large place to make friends, why do some people70it?

The relationship between one another should be mutual(互助的) politeness and71 On-line we72see one another' s physical form, but we are talking through our73 Such 74as the one I met are not polite at all.

Since the Web belongs to everyone, every user has a duty to keep a friendly and polite atmos-phere(氛围). We need75honesty and respect on-line.

56. A. exciting

B. disappointing

C. surprising

D. frightening

57. A. say

B. describe

C. mention

D. write

58. A. business

B. matter

C. experiment

D. experience

59. A. whose

B. who

C. who' s

D. which

60. A. spoke

B. typed

C. introduced

D. chatted

61. A. addresses

B. names

C. experiences

D. photos

62. A. Slowly

B. Immediately

C. Carefully

D. Meanwhile

63. A. a card

B. a photo

C. an e-mail

D. an envelop

64. A. joy

B. delight

C. surprise

D. disappointment

65. A. height

B. record

C. measure

D. treasure

66. A. but

B. and

C. because

D. though

67. A. at

B. from

C. about

D. of

68. A. common

B. uncommon

C. interesting

D. uninteresting

69. A. excited

B. defeated

C. shocked

D. envied

70. A. destroy

B. disturb

C. mistake

D. misuse

71. A. respect

B. happiness

C. friendship

D. praise

72. A. mustn' t

B. can' t

C. shouldn' t

D. may not

73. A. months

B. hands

C. heart

D. memory

74. A. tricks

B. examples

C. events

D. problems

75. A. less

B. more

C. least

D. most

Part VTranslation (20 % )

 Section A)(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

 

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can re-fer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.

76. Men have been travelling across and around the equator on wheels, on their feet or in ships for thousands of years; but only a few men, with great difficulty and in very recent time, have ev-er crossed the ice to the North Pole. (Passage 1 )

77. In practice, this is an advantage to the aeroplane, which is already at a good height when it rea-ches the polar region and so does not to climb, while at the same time cold air keeps the clouds down low. (Passage 1 )

78. In his eagerness to make money from trees, he has cut them down in large numbers, only to find that without them he has lost the best friends he had. (Passage 2 )

79. Yet there are three days which are usually marked by some kind of special ceremony: the day we are born; the day we get married and the day we die. (Passage 3)

80. Death is a time of sorrow and is marked by a special ceremony and mourning. ( Passage 3 )

Section B

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

81.中国是一个社会主义国家,也是一个发展中国家。

82.不言而喻,青年人的教育对一个国家的未来是至关重要的。

83.是去是留该由你决定。

84.下次小心点,别那么粗心大意。

85.他挣的钱足够支付房租。

选作题Ⅱ:

 Part VWriting ( 15% )

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "Reading Selectively or Extensively". You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:

1.有人认为读书要有选择;

2.有人认为应当博览群书;

3.我的看法。

参考答案:

选作题I:

Part I Dialogue Communication

1.D2.A3.C4.C5.D6.A7.A8.A9.Cl0.C11.Cl2.Al3.Cl4.Dl5.B

Part IReading Comprehension

Passage l

1.D事实细节题。第一段第一句说普通人住赤道上是有可能的,这也是数百万人做的事情,所以选A。

2.B事实细节题。第一段第六句话提到飞越北极上空比赤道上空安全,所以选B。

3.C事实细节题。第一段最后两句提到热带上空不能确保不遇到坏天气,而北极上空的情况与之相反,所以选C。

4.A事实细节题。由第二段第一句话可知,飞机在冷空气里不如在热空气里飞的高和快。所以选A。

5.B判断推理题,文中最后一句话说冷空气使云层也降低了,也就是说在高空是没有云的,所以选B。

Passage 2

6.C事实细节题。第二段第一句话说人们没有认识到第三种服务是最重要的,而第一段中提出第三种服务是帮助预防干旱和洪水,因此答案为C。

7.D事实细节题。第二段说明了森林逐渐减少的原因,可知D正确。

8.C事实细节题,文章最后两句话提到帝国建立了,但由于没有了树林,土地变得贫瘠,最终导致洪灾和饥荒,所以选C。

9.B事实细节题。第二段最后一句话提到当顶屋土壤被冲走,就只剩下沙漠。而土被冲走是因为没有森林保存雨水,所以选B。

10.A概括主旨题。文章主要是说树木对人类的作用,然后论述树木怎样影响人类,也就是作者想要告诉人们树木可以帮助预防洪水和干旱。

Passage 3

11.A事实细节题。文章第一段第六句和第七句提到人类社会都庆祝这三个时刻,不过方式不一样,所以选A。

12.B判断推理题。人们纪念这三个时刻,就是因为他们是人生中不可避免的时期,所以是重要的。

13.B语法题。that在句中做主语;when是副词,在句中不能做主语。

14.D语法题。从文中看,这三个事件从古到今一直影响着人类,因此应用一般现在时。

15.B单词辨析题。我们可以用排除法,A、C、D都无法说明这三个事件,所以选B。

Part ⅡVocabulary and Structure

16.D本题考查虚拟语气用法。本句是表示与现在事实相反,所以主句用would。句意为:如果我是富兰克,我就不会那样说。

17.C本题考查倒装虚拟语气用法。本句是表示与将来事实相反,所以从句用were to形式。句意为:如果他今天出发的话,他就会在星期五以前到达那里。

18.B本题考查虚拟语气用法。本句是表示与现在事实相反,所以用could。句意为:我不会讲日语,不过我确实希望我会讲。

19.B本题考查虚拟语气用法。would rather引导的句子要使用虚拟语气。表示与现在和将来事实相反的用一般过去时。句意为:我宁愿你今天晚上什么都不说。

20.B本题考查否定倒装用法。nor+do+主语,是倒装结构。句意为:木头不能导电,橡胶也不能。

21.B本题考查否定倒装用法。以not only开头的句子主谓要倒装。句意为:这本小说不仅有趣,而且可以帮助我们提高写作。

22.C本题考查固定搭配。comment on“关于…的建议,评价”,是固定搭配。句意为:你对我工作的建议证明是有帮助的。

23.B本题考查介词短语。in the way“挡道,妨碍”;under way“进行中”;on the way“在路上”;by the way“顺便说”。句意为:布朗夫人做事情时,感觉她的小孩子总是碍手碍脚的。

24.C本题考查数量词用法。two dozen表示“24个”,dozen“十二个,一打”。句意为:事故发生不久,24个警察来到了现场。

25.A本题考查介词用法。be kind of sb.to do sth.“某人做某事很好”。句意为:你这样说真是太好了。

26.A本题考查名词辨析。outline“轮廓,提纲”;general“普遍的”;edge“刀刃,刀口”;out—look“景色,光景”。句意为:她只能看到树木的大致轮廓。

27.A本题考查形容词辨析。slight“细微的”;simple“简单的”;slender“纤细的,苗条的”;single“单一的”。句意为:我不能分辨出这对双胞胎姐妹的细微差别。

28.B本题考查动词辨析。afford“支付,买”;provide“提供”;supply“供应”;manage“管理”。句意为:这车子不错,不过我们买不起。

29.C本题考查名词辨析。schedule“Et程安排,时间表”;calendar“日历”;column“柱,栏”;diagram“图解,图表”。句意为:根据日程安排,会议9:00开始。

30.B本题考查固定搭配。in that case“既然那样,假若是那样的话”;in some cases“在某种情况下”;in case“万一”;in any case“无论如何,不管怎样”。句意为:这家公司小但是有前途,既然那样,我会做这份工作的。

31.C本题考查连词用法。lest“以免”;so that“以致于”;if“如果”;otherwise“否则”。句意为:告示用多国语言写成,以免有外国游客误解。

32.C本题考查副词用法。narrowly“几乎”;completely“完全地”;greatly“很,非常”;little“很少,几乎没有”。句意为:一辆小汽车开得太快,差点撞上了另一辆汽车。

33.A本题考查固定搭配。substitute…for…“用…代替…”,是固定搭配。句意为:一星期里我们有几次用鱼代替肉。

34.D本题考查词组搭配。be disappointed with“对…失望”,是固定搭配。句意为:托尼对考试结果极其失望。

35.C本题考查非限制性定语从句。句意为:为了组织一场客观的考试,老师准备了几份试卷,每一份试卷都只有惟一的正确答案。

36.B本题考查反意疑问句用法。used是use的过去式。前句是肯定句,因此反意疑问句用否定形式。句意为:他过去经常起得很晚,不是吗?

37.A本题考查固定搭配。be said to do sth.“据说做某事”。句意为:据说一个女人和她的三个孩子在交通事故中受伤了。

38.D本题考查否定倒装用法。neither+do+主语,是固定搭配。句意为:苏珊不聪明,工作也不努力。

39.C本题考查独立主格结构。独立主格结构的逻辑主语和主句的主语不一致时,因此应给出它的逻辑主语。句意为:问题解决了,新药品现在开始大量生产了。

40.B本题考查动词用法。result in“导致”;result from“因…引起”。句意为:他不认真导致了在考试中不及格。

41.A本题考查形容词用法。rare“罕有的,稀罕的”;scarce“缺乏的,不足的”;seldom“很少”;hardly“几乎不”。句意为:在旧书书店,比利遇到了一本他认为确实是珍藏版的书。

42.D本题考查副词用法。eventually“最终地”;lastly“持久地”;completely“完全地”;essen.tially“必要地,重要地”。句意为:在航行中,达尔文收集了生物的大量信息,这些最终使他写出了著名的《物种起源》这本书。

43.C本题考查动词用法。improve“提高”;go down“下降”;go up“上升”;decrease“降低”。句意为:我积极地扩充我的词汇量,一个方法是看电视上的英文电影。

44.C本题考查虚拟语气用法。从主句推出此句是表达与过去事实相反的情况,从句中应用

had done形式。如果if去掉,句子需用倒装。句意为:如果我知道的话,我就告诉你了。

45.A本题考查介词用法。by“通过做…”。句意为:当我在等她的时候,我浏览橱窗来打发时间。

Part ⅢIdentification

46.D句型错误,应改为haven’t you。如果反意疑问句前半部分是肯定,那么后面就应用否定形式。

47.D状语从句用法错误,应改为being asked about。主语和谓语之间是被动关系,因此用被动语态;ask后加了介词about才能接宾语opinion。

48.D虚拟语气错误,应改为should。insist后应该接虚拟语气,should+动词原形。

49.C强调句型错误,应改为that。it is…that是固定的强调句型。

50.B语序错误,应改为my paintings are。however提前,后面不需倒装。

51.C副词用法错误,应改为hot enough。enough修饰形容词时要后置。

52.B形容词用法错误,应改为oldest。此处并无比较,但有一个范围in the U.S.,因此用最高级。

53.A分词用法错误,应改为going up。with引导的伴随状语,用动词的现在分词形式。

54.C从属连词误用,应改为before。

55.C用词重复错误,应该把but去掉。

Part lVCloze

56.A exciting“令人兴奋的”;disappointing“令人失望的”;surprising“令人惊奇的”;frighte—ning“令人恐惧的”。原文讲到“这是我第一次上网聊天”,所以A为正确答案。

57.B describe“描述,讲述”;say“讲”;mention“提及”;write“写作”。原句中动词是heard,只有B能与之搭配。

58.D experience“经历”;business“商业,公务,事情”;matter“事件”;experiment“试验”。综合上下文,只有D能使文意通顺。

59.B主语是人,定语从句用who,whose或者that引导。wh0和that做主语,表示“某人”;whose做定语,“谁的”;which指代物体。综合上下文及语法知识,B为正确答案。

60.D文章讲述的是作者第一次上网聊天的经历,chat“聊天”符合文意。speak“讲”;type“打字”;introduce“介绍”。

61.A e.mail address“电子邮件地址”,固定搭配。

62.B immediately“立即”;slowly“慢慢地”;carefully“仔细地,谨慎地”;meanwhile“同时”。根据上下文,B为正确答案。

63.C上文谈到他们交换了电子邮件地址,因此an e.mail“电子邮件”最能使文意通顺。

64.C to one’s surprise“让某人惊奇的是”,固定搭配。

65.A作者收到的电子邮件是“详细的自我介绍,包括年龄,体重,习惯等”,由此,可推出height“身高”符合原文逻辑。

66.B前半句和后半句之间是顺承的关系,因此and“而且”正确。but“但是”;because“因为”;though“尽管,虽然”。

67.D tell sb.of sth.“把某事告诉某人”,固定搭配,所以D为正确答案。

68.B根据上下文,作者把这件事情告诉一位有经验的网民,uncommon“不寻常的”正确。

69.C excited“兴奋的”;defeated“被打败的”;shocked“震惊的”;envied“被人妒忌的”;显然,初次上网聊天的作者无法理解自己的遭遇,所以C为正确答案。

70.D destroy“破坏”;disturb“打扰”;mistake“弄错,误解”;misuse“误用,滥用”。根据卜下文,D为正确答案。

71.A该句说明“人与人之问的关系应该是互相帮助的以及…”,只有respect“尊重”能使该句文意通顺。

72.B网上不能够看到对方的长相,因此can’t“不能”正确。mustn’t“绝不能”;shouldn’t“应该”;may not“也许不”。

73.C hand“手”;mouth“嘴”;heart“心”;memory“记忆”。网上聊天是用心来交流的,“heart”同前半句的“physical form”对应。

74.A trick“诡计”;example“例子”;event“事件”;problem“问题”。根据j二下文,A为正确答案。

75.B根据上下文,作者提倡在网上聊天要诚实,要彼此尊重,因此B为正确答案。

Part V Translation

Section A

76.几千年以来,人们已经通过坐车、坐船或者步行穿过了赤道及其附近地区,但是最近只有少数人千辛万苦地越过寒冰到北极。

77.实践中,这对飞机有利,因为当它到达北极时不用爬升就已经处于一个很好的高度了,同时,冷空气也使云层降低。

78.由于急于利用材木挣钱,他砍了大量的树,结果才发现没有了树木,他就失去了他曾经拥有的最好的朋友。

79.然而有三个日子我们经常给予特殊的纪念:生日、结婚日和死亡日。

80.死亡是悲伤的时刻,人们用特殊的仪式来悼念。

Section B

81. China is not only a socialist country, but also a developing country.

82. It goes without saying that education of the young is vital to a nation' s future.

83. It' s up to you to decide whether to go or to stay.

84. Be careful next time. Don' t be so careless.

85. He earns enough to pay for his rent.

选作题Ⅱ:

Part VWriting

Reading Selectively or Extensively

 Some people think when we read we should read selectively. That is to say, we should select some books we are interested in and ignore the others. Reading selectively can help us concentrate our limited time and attention on those selected books.

 Others think we should read extensively. No matter what kind of book it is, we should look it over. We should read various kinds of books, whether we are interested in or not. They maintain that reading extensively can help to enlarge our view and grasp the general knowledge in different fields.

In my opinion, the two reading ways have their roles respectively in our reading. However,the disadvantages of each method are easy to see. If we only read the books we select or prefer,the framework of our knowledge may not be complete. Our knowledge would be rather limited.

And if we read without selection, we may not have so much time and energy to be specialized in one particular field. Therefore, the combination of the two methods is more reasonable.

 


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