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2018年湖北成人高考高起点英语预测真题及答案(二)

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2018年成人高考高起点英语预测真题及答案(二)

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2018年湖北成人高考高起点英语预测真题及答案(二).doc

选作题I:

 Part IDialogue Communication ( 15 % )

Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each fol-lowed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1. Mary: Your little boy has done a good job at school.

Eva:__________

A. Yes, you are very kind.

B. No, you are too polite.

C. Thanks, but you are exaggerating.

D. Yes, I' m proud of him.

2. W : What is all this glass doing on the floor?

M:__________

A. Look at the window and you' 11 see.

B. I' ll clean it.

C. I' 11 call the repair man.

D. Can' t you find out?

3. W: I' m taking the train downtown to go shopping.

M:__________

A. Well, you' d better keep an eye on your wallet.

B. Why don' t you stay at home and watch your baby?

C. By the way, what about your plan to visit your parents?

D. Take the train? You're a fool.

4. Client: Hello. May I speak to Mr. Turner?

Secretary :__________

A. I' m sorry. He' s at a meeting now.

B. I am. Speak, please.

C. Hello. Who' re you, please?

D. Hello. Thank you for calling.

5. Speaker A: You are washing your car even on vacation. It makes me feel guilty.

Speaker B:__________

A. Though I' m washing my car on vacation, I was still criticized by my wife being lazy.

B. Never mind. Everyone does.

C. You shouldn' t. It' s just that I have nothing better to do at the moment.

D. Well, I' m afraid I can' t do better than this.

6. Jack: Hey, how are you, Susie? We haven't seen each other for...it must be close to three years.

Susie:__________

Jack: OK.

A. How do you do?

B. Nice to meet you.

C. Fancy meeting you here.

D. Well. How have you been?

7. Speaker A: Can you come down a little for this watch?

Speaker B :__________

A. Yes, we would like to do so.

B. Sorry, but we go strictly by the price tag.

C. No, but you may try again.

D. Sure. We' 11 come to the first floor as soon as possible.

8. Kate: Do you mind opening the door for me?

Bob:__________

A. Yes, I' 11 do it.

B. It' s nothing.

C. That' s all right.

D. Not at all.

9. Desk Clerk: Good afternoon, Holiday Inn.

Customer: Hello, I' d like to book a double room for the nights of 23rd and 24th please.

Desk Clerk:__________

A. What' s the matter?

B. What can I do for you ?

C. Just a minute, please.

D. Can I help you?

10. Speaker A: Would you care for another helping(还要再吃点东西吗) ?

Speaker B :__________

 A. I have helped enough.

 B. No more help is needed.

 C. No, thanks, I' m quite full.

 D. Please pass me the helping.

11.--How' s your brother these days?

 --He hasn' t been very well just recently.

 --__________. What' s the matter?

 --I think he' s been overworking.

 A. I' 11 be pleased to hear you ask after him

 B. I' m sorry to hear that

 C. That' s not too bad

 D. I' 11 tell him what you said

12. Speaker A: I' m not at all satisfied with the service.

 Speaker B :__________

 A. Nobody has complained like that before.

 B. I sincerely apologize for that.

 C. I wonder why you are satisfied with it.

 D. It' s not our fault as there are too many customers.

13. Passer-by:__________

 Local resident: Sure. It' s on Ehn Street: between Eleventh and Twelfth Avenue.

 Passer-by: Thank you.

 A. Help please. Could you tell me where the post office is?

 B. Sorry, where is the post office, please?

 C. Trouble you. Could you please tell me where the post office is?

 D. Excuse me. Do you know where the post office is?

14. Speaker A : That' s very kind of you to do so.

Speaker B :__________

A. That' s all right, I' m pleased to meet you.

B. As you are our important guest.

C. I' m pleased to be at your service.

D. It' s no trouble at all.

15. Wilson: Hello. May I speak to Peter?

Peter:__________

A. Sorry, the number is engaged. Will you hold?

B. Yes, speaking.

C. Hello. Who' re you please?

D. Hello. Thank you for calling.

Part IReading Comprehension ( 30 % )(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

Directions : There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfin-ished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.You should de-cide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

In sport the sexes are separate. (76) Women and men do not run or swim in the same races.Women are less strong than men. That at least is what people say. Women are called" the weaker sex" ,or, if men want to please them, "the fair sex". But boys and girls are taught together at schools and universities. There are women who are famous Prime Ministers, scientists and writers.

And women live longer than men. A European woman can expect to live until the age of 74, a man only until he is 68. Are women' s bodies really weaker?

The fastest men can run a mile in 4 minutes. The best women need 4.5 minutes. Women' s speeds are always slower than men' s, but some facts are surprising. Some of the fastest women swimmers today are teenage girls. One of them swam 400 metres in 4 minutes 21.2 seconds when she was only 16. The first" Tarzan" in films was an Olympic swimmer, Johnny Weissmuller. His fastest 400 metres was 4 minutes 59.1 seconds, which is 37.9 seconds slower than a girl50 years later !This does not mean that women are catching men up. Conditions are very different now, and sport is much more serious. It is so serious that some women athletes are given hormone(荷尔蒙)injections. At the Olympics a doctor has to check whether the women athletes are really women or not. It seems sad that sport has such problem. Life can be very complicated when there are two separate sexes !

1. Women are called "the weaker sex" because__________.

A. women do as much work as men

B. people think women are weaker than men

C. sport is easier for men than for women

D. in sport the two sexes are always together

2. Which of the following is true?

A. Boys and girls study separately everywhere.

B. Women do not run or swim in races with men.

C. Famous Prime Ministers are women.

D. Men can expect to live longer than women in Europe.

3. "That at least is what people say. " means people__________.

A. say other things too

B. don' t say this much

C. say this but may not think so

D. only think this

4. What problems does sport have?

A. Some women athletes are actually men.

B. Some women athletes are given hormone injections.

C. Women and men do not mn or swim in the same races.

D. It is difficult to check whether women athletes are really women.

5. In this passage the author implies that__________ .

A. women are weaker than men, but faster

B. women are slower than men, but stronger

C. men are not always stronger and faster than women

D. men are faster and stronger than women

Passage 2(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

(77) What do we mean by a satisfactory standard of living? Obviously, it must include the basic necessities of life such as food, clothing and shelter. To get these necessities on regular basis,a person must have a reliable income. But we have other needs which would probably also be in-cluded as basic, such as health and education facilities.

We may think of all of these as our needs. Yet most of us would be far from satisfied if we had nothing more than these which are supplied for us. (78) We all enjoy extra income to spend on things like books, sports or hobbies. Sometimes we save some of this extra income to pay for future expense of this type on holidays. So we must add our wants to our basic needs. Our standard of liv-ing is the degree, to which these needs and wants are satisfied.

But as time goes on, what we think of as our basic needs changes. Twenty years ago a televi-sion would have been a luxury, and still is in many countries now. Even now we cannot say it is a need in the same sense as food, clothing and shelter. Yet if most of the people of a country have one, it comes to be accepted as a need. It is possible therefore to have food, clothing and shelter and still be poor by the standards of our own society.

6. What we need in life is divided into__________ according to this article.

A. the basic necessities and luxury

B. many kinds of need such as food, clothing and houses

C. four groups the basic necessities, luxury, reliable income and future expense

D. the basic necessities and reliable income

7. A person who gets the basic necessities must __________according to the writer.

A. have a reliable income

B. learn how to please his manager

C. finish his work ahead the time

D. get a good education

8. We all enjoy__________.

A. having only reliable income

B. having reliable income and extra income

C. having nothing more than food and clothing

D. having nothing more than reliable income

9. With time going on,__________.

A. a luxury may change into a need which most people want to get

B. the basic needs are getting smaller and smaller

C. a luxury and the basic needs can be exchanged

D. the basic needs can be changed into a luxury

10. If most of the people of a country have a television, we__________.

A. can say the television is a need in the same sense as food and clothing and shelter

B. can say the television must be in the basic necessities

C. cannot say the television is in the basic necessities

D. can say every family must have one

Passage 3(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

Increasingly, over the past ten years, people--especially young people--have become aware of the need to change their eating habits, because much of the food they eat, particularly processed food, is not good for the health. Consequently, there has been a growing interest in natural foods.

Foods which do not contain chemical additives (添加剂) and which have not been affected by chemical fertilizers, widely used in farming today.

(79) Natural foods, for example, are vegetables, fruit and grain which have been grown in soil that is rich in organic ( 有机的 ) matter. In simple terms, this means that the soil has been nourished by unused vegetable matter, which provides it with essential vitamins and minerals. This in itself is a natural process compared with the use of chemicals and fertilizers, the main purpose of which is to increase the amount--but not the quality--of foods grown in commercial farming areas.

Natural foods also include animals which have been allowed to feed and move freely in healthy pastures(牧场). Compare this with what happens in the mass production of poultry: there are farms, for example, where thousands of chickens live crowded together in one building and are fed on food which is little better than rubbish. Chickens kept in this way are not only tasteless as food, they also lay eggs which lack important vitamins.

There are other aspects of healthy eating which are now receiving increasing attention from ex-perts on diet. Take, for example, the question of sugar. This is actually a non-essential food! Al-though a natural alternative, such as honey, can be used to sweeten food if it is necessary, we can in fact do without it. It is not that sugar is harmful in itself. But it does seem to be addictive: the quantity we use has grown steadily over the last two centuries and in Britain today each person con-sumes an average of 200 pounds a year! Yet all it does is to provide us with energy, in the form of calories. There are no vitamins in it, no minerals and no fiber.

(80) It is significant that nowadays fiber is considered to be an important part of a healthy di-et. In white bread, for example, the fiber has been removed. But it is present in unrefined flour and of course in vegetables. It is interesting to note that in countries where the national diet con-tains large quantities of unrefined flour and vegetables, certain diseases are comparatively rare.

Hence the emphasis is placed on the eating of whole meal bread and more vegetables by modern ex-perts on "healthy eating".

11. People have become more interested in natural foods because__________.

 A. they are more health conscious

 B. they want to taste all kinds of foods

 C. natural foods are more delicious than processed foods

 D. they want to return to nature

12. Soil that is rich in organic matters__________.

 A. has had chemicals and fertilizers added to it

 B. contains vegetable matter that has not been consumed

 C. has been nourished by fertilizers

 D. already contains large quantities of vitamins and minerals

13. Chickens raised in poultry farms are all of the following EXCEPT that__________.

 A. they are fed on food which is little better than garbage

 B. they live in very crowded condition

 C. the eggs they lay lack vitamins

 D. they are allowed to move about and eat freely

14. According to the passage,__________.

 A. people need sugar to give them energy

 B. sugar is bad for the health

 C. the use of sugar is habit forming

 D. sugar only sweetens food, but provides us with nothing useful

15. The best title for this passage is__________.

A. People' s Growing Interest in Natural Foods

B. Natural Foods and Healthy Diet

C. Harmful Effects of Sugar

D. The Importance of Fiber in Foods

Part ⅡVocabulary and Structure (30 % )

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences.For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answerr that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corre-sponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

16. According to the American federal government, residents of Hawaii have the longest life__________.

A. scope

B. rank

C. span

D. scale

17. A season ticket __________the holder to make as many journeys as he wished within the stated period of time.

A. grants

B. promises

C. entitles

D. presents

18. Fruit is rich __________vitamins.

A. with

B. in

C. at

D. of

19. Purchasing the new production line will he a __________deal for the company.

A. profitable

B. tremendous

C. forceful

D. favorite

20. We hadn' t met for 20 years, but I recognized her __________I saw her.

A. for the moment

B. the moment when

C. at the moment when

D. the moment

21. Fifty years ago, wealthy people liked hunting wild animals for fun __________sightseeing.

A. than to go

B. rather than to go

C. more than going

D. other than going

22. The Prime Minister refused to comment on the rumor that he had planned to__________.

A. discharge

B. dismiss

C. resign

D. resume

23. She __________the temptation to buy a coat she could not afford.

A. challenged

B. obstructed

C. contradicted

D. resisted

24. I feel sure that__________ qualification, ability and experience, you are abundantly suited to the position we have in mind.

A. in case of

B. in terms of

C. in the opinion of

D. in the course of

25. Paper making in China__________ from there to North Africa and Europe.

A. sprang

B. spilled

C. carried

D. spread

26. They spent all their spare time __________their spare money, on their experiments.

A. as much as

B. as well as

C. as long as

D. as soon as

 27. The story was said to have been based on the information from a reliable__________.

A. source

B. foundation

C. origin

D. basis

28. It seems very difficult__________.

A. to stop the child to cry

B. restraining the child to cry

C. to stop the child flora crying

D. holding the child' s crying

29. The purpose of this test is to measure students'__________to learn instead of their present achievements.

A. capacity

B. attitude

C. confidence

D. determination

30. The birth rate in a city__________ to fall as its gross domestic product (GDP) rises steadily,

A. estimates

B. anticipates

C. assumes

D. tends

31. He said there was nothing to be__________.

A. ashamed

B. ashamed in

C. ashamed of

D. ashamed at

32. Sometimes children have trouble __________fact from fiction and may believe that such things actually exist.

A. to separate

B. separating

C. for separating

D. of separating

33. Many a delegate was in favor of his proposal that a special committee __________to investigate the incident.

A. were set up

B. was set up

C. be set up

D. set up

34. Eye contact is important because wrong contact may create a communication__________.

A. tragedy

B. vacuum

C. question

D. barrier

35. There is noto the house from the main road.

A. access

B. avenue

C. exposure

D. edge

36. The __________ stuck on the envelope says "By Air".

A. diagram

B. label

C. signal

D. mark

37. My brother' s plans are very __________; he wants to master English, French and Spanish before he is sixteen.

A. arbitrary

B. aggressive

C. ambitious

D. abundant

38. Stressful environments lead to unhealthy such as poor eating habits, which __________increase the risk of heart disease.

A. in turn

B. in return

C. by chance

D. by turns

39. There was a good__________ of the countryside from the front of the bus.

A. sight

B. view

C. scene

D. scenery

40. This album is__________ as it was the only one ever signed by the President.

A. unusual

B. unique

C. rate

D. special

41. The book seems to have been, __________ from various books and articles.

A. pieced together

B. taken off

C. broken away

D. pulled out

42. You should have been more patient__________ that customer;I' m sure that selling him the watch was a possibility.

A. of

B. with

C. for

D. at

43. As early as 1647 Ohio made a decision that free, tax-supported schools must be established in every town__________ 50 households or more.

A. having

B. to have

C. to have had

D. having had

44. We love peace, yet we are not the kind of people to yield __________any military threat.

A. up

B. to

C. in

D. at

45. If tap water were as dangerous as some people think, __________would be getting sick.

A. a lot of more us

B. more a lot of us

C. a lot of us more

D. a lot more of us

 Part 1IIIdentification ( 10 % )

Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

46.

1.png










47.

 

48.

 

49.

 

50.

 

51.

 

52.

 

53.

 

54.

 

55.

 

Part ⅣCloze (10 % )(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

It was a beautiful summer day and I was taking a walk in the downtown area of Madrid.

When I turned a street56I heard the voice of a lovely Spanish singer57from a nearby care. The music58me, so I went to the cafe to hear it59.

I sat down at a table near the door. The waiter came over, and I60a glass of wine. While61my wine, I listened to the soft music. The62was a young lady, a little too fat, but63pretty. A black young man was playing the piano.

The waiter returned64the glass of wine and put it on the65 I started drinking the wine slowly and66the other people in the care. They were all men67women seldom go into the cafes in Spain.

There were three men68at a table near mine. I could69by their accents that one of them was an American, one an Englishman and the third man a70. The waiter served each of the three men a glass of beer. By chance, each glass had a71in it. The American picked up his glass, noticed the fly and poured the beer and the fly was thrown onto the floor. The English-man looked into his glass, noticed the fly and72 a spoon, with which he took the fly out of the beer, and drank the73of it.

The stranger noticed the fly in the beer,74 He picked it up with his fingers, squeezed it carefully in order to save every drop of beer, then drank the beer75.

56. A. shop

B. sidewalk

C. comer

D. store

57. A. going

B. came

C. Go

D. coming

58. A. attracted

B. interest

C. arresting

D. attractive

59. A. all right

B. good

C. better

D. nice

60. A. asked

B. wanted

C. begged

D. ordered

61. A. waiting

B. waiting for

C. staying for

D. waited for

62. A. waiter

B. miss

C. singer

D. boss

63. A. quiet

B. too much

C. little

D. quite

64. A. and

B. with

C. by

D. for

65. A. piano

B. desk

C. chair

D. table

66. A. watching

B. seeing

C. looking for

D. noticing

67. A. once

B. before

C. because

D. and

68. A. sat

B. sitting

C. set

D. setting

69. A. judge

B. tell

C. speak

D. remarks

70. A. singer

B. stranger

C. waiter

D. Frenchman

71. A. worm

B. flies

C. something

D. fly

72. A. reached for

B. reach

C. asked

D. want

73. A. other

B. others

C. remain

D. rest

74. A. also

B. too

C. either

D. neither

75. A. sadly

B. bitterly

C. happily

D. slowly

Part VTranslation (20 % )

Section A(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

Directions : In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can re-fer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.

76. Women and men do not run or swim in the same races. Women are less strong than men.( Passage 1 )

77. What do we mean by a satisfactory standard of living? Obviously, it must include the basic ne- cessities of life such as food, clothing and shelter. (Passage 2)

78. We all enjoy extra income to spend on things like books, sports or hobbies. (Passage 2)

79. Natural foods, for example, are vegetables, fruit and grain which have been grown in soil that is rich in organic ( 有机的 ) matter. ( Passage 3 )

80. It is significant that nowadays fiber is considered to be an important part of a healthy diet.( Passage 3 )

Section B

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

81.她在一次工作事故中受了重伤。

82.王教授,请您赏光来参加我们星期六的英语晚会好吗?

83.妇女自从上个世纪末以来一直在争取平等权利。

84.成功在于勤奋,这句话是对的。

85.为了不被发现,她不得不屏住呼吸。

选作题Ⅱ:

Part VWriting (15%)

Directions :, For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "The Life on Internet".You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below :

1.21世纪是网络的时代;

2.网络生活多姿多彩;

3.网络生活是我们生活的一部分。

参考答案:

选作题I:

Part I Dialogue Communication

1.D2.A3.A4.A5.C6.D7.B 8.D9.Cl0.C11.Bl2.Bl3.Dl4.Cl5.B

Part IReading Comprehension

Passage l

1.B事实细节题。根据文章第一段前四句,因为人们认为女性不如男性强壮,才将女性称为“the weaker sex”,所以选B。其他选项文章都未提到。

2.B事实细节题。可用排除法。根据文章第一段第五句,男生和女生是在一起上学的,所以A不对;第六句提到有些著名的国家总理是女性,但并不是所有著名的国家总理都是女性,所以C也不准确;根据第一段最后两句,在欧洲,妇女比男人更长寿,因此D恰好说反了;只有B(女人不和男人比赛,见第二句)是正确的。

3.C事实细节题。该句话的意思是“至少人们是这样说的”。所以应选C。

4.B事实细节题。根据文章倒数第二句、第三句、第四句,运动员注射荷尔蒙是体育比赛的一个问题。所以选B。

5.C推理判断题。作者在第一段提出了大多数人的看法:男人比女人强。接下来作者举了几个女人比男人强的例子。由此可判断作者是站在客观的立场上来叙述男女两性的差别的。所以选C。

Passage 2

6.A推理判断题。根据文章最后一段作者举的例子,基本需求的概念是可以改变的,20年前电视是一种奢侈品,但现在也已经成为了一种生活必需品。可见,在作者看来,有两种生活需求:一种是生活必需品,另一种就是奢侈品。所以选A。

7.A事实细节题。根据文章第一段的第三句,要想持久地得到生活必需品,必须有一份可靠的收入。

8.B事实细节题。文章第二段提到,大多数人都不会仅仅满足于这些基本需要,我们都愿意再有一些额外的收入。所以应选8。

9.A推理判断题。根据文章最后一段所举的例子,基本需求的概念是可以改变的,20年前电视是一种奢侈品,但现在也已经成为了一种生活必需品。可见奢侈品可转化成生活必需品。所以选A。其他选项文章都未提到。

10.A事实细节题。根据文章倒数第二句,如果全国大多数人都拥有电视的话,那么电视可视作一种必需品。所以选A。

Passage 3

11.A事实细节题。根据文章的第一段,当今的人们越来越注重健康饮食,因此,人们逐渐对天然食品产生了兴趣。所以应选A,“因为天然食物更健康”。

12.B事实细节题。根据文章第二段的第二句,富含有机物的土壤得到没用过的蔬菜物质的滋养,从中获取维他命和矿物质。所以应选B(含有没用过的蔬菜物质)。富含有机物的土壤都不用施加化肥,因此其他选项都是错的。

13.D事实细节题。根据文章第三段最后一句话,饲养厂里的鸡吃的饲料和垃圾差不多,挤在一起,这样养出来的鸡不仅鸡肉不好吃,鸡蛋也没营养。所以文章没提到的选项是D。

14.C事实细节题。可用排除法。文章在第四段提到糖是可有可无的,所以它并不是人们赖以提供能量的食物,所以A不对;根据本段第五句,糖本身并没有害处所以B也不对;根据本段倒数第二句,糖可以提供一定的能量,所以不能说糖不能提供任何有用的东西,这样D也排除了。只有C(使用糖是习惯使然,见第五句)是正确的。

15.B归纳概括题。为文章选题目应根据文章内容来定。文章第一段讲人们越来越注重健康饮食,其表现就是逐渐对天然食物感兴趣;接下来的两段详细介绍天然食物;最后两段谈健康饮食的另外两个方面——一个是糖的问题,另一个是植物纤维的问题。总之,作者始终在围绕着健康饮食和天然食物这两个话题。所以本篇文章最好的题目就是B(健康饮食和天然食物)。其他三个选项都只谈到文中涉及的一个方面,因此都不能起到概括全文的作用。

Part ⅡVocabulary and Structure

16.C本题考查名词辨析。life span“寿命”,固定搭配。scope“(活动)范围,机会,余地”;rank“等级,横列,阶级”;scale“刻度,衡量”。句意为:根据美国联邦政府的调查,夏威夷居民寿命最长。

17.C本题考查动词辨析。entitle“给…权利(或资格)”;grant“同意,准予”;promise“允诺,答应”;present“呈现,介绍,引见”。句意为:持票人凭季票有权在规定期限内尽其所愿地旅游。

18.B be rich in是固定搭配,“富含…”。句意为:水果富含维生素。

19.A本题考查形容词辨析。profitable“有利可图的,可赚钱的”;ffemendous“极大的,巨大的”;forceful“有力的,有说服力的”;favorite“喜爱的”。句意为:购买新的生产线对于公司来说将是一笔有利可图的生意。

20.D本题考查连词的用法。the moment…“一…就…”。the moment相当于一个连词的用法,所以不用再加任何词就可以引导句子。句意为:我们20年没见了,但我一见到她就认出了她。

21.C本题考查并列结构的用法。本题中进行比较的是like的两个宾语,一个是hunting wildanimals,另一个是going sightseeing。more than…“比…多”;rather than“而不是”;0therthan“除了,不同于”。句意为:50年前,有钱人喜欢打猎的程度胜过旅游观光。

22.C本题考查动词辨析。resign“辞职”;discharge“解雇,卸下,放出”(如用此词需要用被动语态,因discharge是vt.);dismiss“解散,下课,开除,解职”(如用该词也需用被动语态,因dismiss也是vt.);resume(vt.)“继续,重新开始,恢复”。句意为:总理拒绝针对他计划辞职的传言发表评论。.

23.D本题考查动词辨析。resist“抵抗,反抗,忍得住”;challenge“挑战”;obstruct“阻隔,阻塞,遮断(道路、通道等)”;contradict“同…矛盾,同…抵触”。句意为:她抵抗住了一件她买不起的衣服的诱惑。

24.B本题考查介词短语辨析。in terms of“就…而言”;in case of“以防”;in the opinion of“在某人看来”;in the course of“在…过程中”。句意为:我确信就资格、能力和经验而言,你非常适合我们心目中的这个职位。

25.D本题考查动词辨析。spread“传播,散布”;spring“跳,跃”;spill“溢出,溅出”;carry“携带,运送”。句意为:中国的造纸业一直传播到北非和欧洲。

26.B本题考查连词词组辨析。as well as“也,和,连同”;as much as“和…一样多”;as longas“只要,和…一样长”;as soon as“一…就…”。句意为:他们把所有的业余时间,连同所有额外的钱都花在实验上。

27.A本题考查名词辨析。source“来源,水源,消息来源,原始资料”;foundation“基础,根本”;origin“由来,起因,出身”;basis“基础,基本,根据”。本句指信息(information)的来源,因此用source。句意为:据说这个故事建立在可靠消息来源的基础上。

28.C本题考查句型结构和stop的用法。It is/seems difficult to do sth.常用句型,表示“做…是困难的”。stop sb.from doing sth.“阻止某人做某事”。句意为:要阻止这个孩子哭看来是困难的。

29.A本题考查名词辨析。capacity“容量,才能,能力”;attitude“姿势,态度”;confidence“信心”;determination“决心”。句意为:这次测验的目的是测验学生的学习能力,而不是他们目前的成绩。

30.D本题考查动词辨析。tend“(常与to连用)有某种倾向;有…的趋势”;estimate“估计,估价,评估”;anticipate“预期,期望”;assume“假定,设想”。这四个词中只有tend能和to搭配,其余的都不行。句意为:随着国民生产总值稳定增长,城市的出生率有下降的趋势。

31.C本题考查介词搭配。be ashamed of“为…感到羞耻”,固定搭配。句意为:他说没有让他耻辱的事。

32.B本题考查固定搭配。have trouble(in)doing sth.“做某事有困难”。句意为:有时孩子们在分清故事和现实方面会有困难,相信故事中的事确实存在。

33.C本题考查虚拟语气的用法。句子中proposal(提议,建议)之后跟了一个同位语从句,从句中应使用虚拟语气,其构成是should+动词原形,should可省。C就是省略了should的虚拟语气。还要注意committee和set up之间是被动关系,所以应用被动语态。句意为:许多代表都支持他有关建立专门委员会来调查此次事件的提议。

34.D本题考查名词辨析。barrier“障碍,栅栏,屏障”;tragedy“悲剧,惨案”;vacuum“真空”;question“问题(需要回答的)”。句意为:眼神接触是重要的,因为错误的接触可能会造成交际障碍。

35.A本题考查名词辨析。access“进入,通道”,经常和to搭配,表示到…的通路,there is no access to…“没有通向…的路”;avenue“林荫路,道路,(通往乡村住宅两旁栽树的)小路”;exposure“暴露,揭露,暴光”;edge“边缘”。句意为:从主路没有通向那所房子的路。

36.B本题考查名词辨析。label“标签,签条,商标,标志”;diagram“图表”;signal“信号”;mark“分数,痕迹,记号”。句意为:贴在信封上的标签上写着“航空信件”。

37.C本题考查形容词辨析。ambitious“有雄心的,野心勃勃的”;arbitrary“任意的,武断的,独裁的,专断的”;aggressive“侵略性的,攻击性的”;abundant“丰富的,充裕的”。句意为:我弟弟的计划充满了雄心壮志:他想在16岁前掌握英语、法语和西班牙语。

38.A本题考查介词短语辨析。in tum“依次,轮流,反过来”;in retum“作为报答”;by chance“偶然,意外地”;by turns“轮流,交替”。句意为:压力大的环境导致不健康的饮食习惯,而不健康的饮食习惯又增加了犯心脏病的危险。

39.B本题考查名词辨析。view“观察,观看”,如get a good view of“可以很好地观看…”;sight“视力,视觉”;scene“现场,场面,情景”;scenery“风景,景色”。句意为:从汽车前面可以很好地看到乡村景色。

40.B本题考查形容词辨析。unique“惟一的,独一无二的”;unusual“与众不同的,不寻常的”;rare“稀有的”;special“特殊的,专门的”。从下半句中的“the only one”可推断出应选unique。句意为:这本相册是独一无二的,因为这是惟一一本有总统的签名。

41.A本题考查动词短语辨析。piece together“拼凑”;take off“从…上取下…,脱掉,起飞”;break away“突然离开,脱离,放弃”;pull out“拔出,离开,度过难关,恢复健康”。句意为:这本书好像是由几本不同的书和文章拼凑到一起的。

42.B本题考查介词搭配。be patient with“对…有耐心”。句意为:你应该对那位顾客态度好一点才对,他本可能会买那块表的。

43.A本题考查非谓语动词的用法。现在分词短语having 50 households or more做town的定语,因为town和have之间是主动关系。不定式做定语在时间上一般表示将来,所以不能选不定式。句意为:早在1647年,俄亥俄州就做出决定,每个拥有50或50个以上家庭的城镇都应该建立免费的公立学校。

44.B本题考查介词搭配。yield to“屈服于”。句意为:我们热爱和平,然而我们不是那种可以屈服于任何军事威胁的人。

45.D本题考查比较级的用法。a lot more of US(我们当中更多得多的人),a lot在该结构中是程度副词。句意为:如果自来水真的像有些人想得那样危险,那么我们当中就会有更多的人生病。

PartⅢIdentification

46.B短语搭配错误,应改为(in)lookin9。spend time(in)doing sth.“花费时间做某事”。

47.C虚拟语气用法错误,应改为(should)make。It’S essential that…“…是重要的”。在该句型中应使用虚拟语气,其构成是(should)+动词原形,should可省。

48.B连词用法错误,应改为whether。因为后边有or not,宾语从句应由whether引导。

49.A短语用法错误,应改为thinking。can’t help doin9“情不自禁做某事”,固定搭配。

50.B倒装用法错误,应改为is it。by no means(决不)等否定词或词组放在句首,句子应用部分倒装。

51.D名词用法错误,应改为times。times“时代”;in modem times“在当代”。

52.B虚拟语气用法错误,应改为would come。从if he were able可知该句用了虚拟,所以主句应用would do的形式。

53.C固定搭配错误,应改为livin9。be used to sth./doing sth.“习惯于做某事”。

54.A人称一致错误,应改为Those。主语是在化工厂工作的人,对应后面的代词their。

55.C人称一致错误,应改为her。either…or…结构中存在就近原则。

Part ⅣCloze

56.C四个名词中,能和动词tum搭配的只有comer(角落)这个词。tum a street comer“拐弯”;sidewalk“人行道”。

57.D comin9指声音向“我”传过来,现在分词短语做定语。

58.A该句的意思是这音乐吸引了我,所以我走过去仔细听。attract“吸引”,其他三个词都不能做谓语。

59.C前句提到作者听到歌声从咖啡馆传来,所以作者走过去是为了听得更好。

60.D order专指在饭店里点酒菜,其他三词都无此意。

61.B wait for“等待”固定搭配。本句中使用现在分词短语waiting for做伴随状语。

62.C从上下文可判断应选singer。

63.D quite pretty“非常漂亮”;too much“太多的”用来修饰不可数名词;little“几乎没有”修饰不可数名词。

64.B with表示“带着、拿着”,该句话的意思是服务员拿着我点的红酒回来了。

65.D根据常理可知红酒应放在table上。

66.A watch表示“观看”。该句话的意思是我一边喝酒一边看这咖啡馆里的其他人。watch指带有观赏性质的看;see强调看的结果,表示“看到”;look for表示“寻找”;notice表示“注意到”。

67.C“周围全是男人”和“妇女们很少到咖啡馆来”是果和因的关系,所以用because来连接。

68.B用现在分词sitting做定语修饰three men。

69.B tell表示“辨别、说出”。本句话的意思是:我能够通过他们的口音判断出其中一个是美国人…。judge“判决,断定”;speak“讲某种语言或发言”;remark“评论”。

70.B从下文可知第三个人是个陌生人“stranger”。

71.D从下文可知每只杯子里都有一只“ny(苍蝇)”。

72.A reach for“伸手去拿”;reach“到达”。

73.D the rest of“剩余的…”。意思是他看到苍蝇,把苍蝇拿了出来,然后把剩下的喝完了。other“另外的”,一般不和of搭配。remain(n.)表示“剩余”时往往用复数。

74.B第三个人也注意到了苍蝇。too一般放在句尾,also往往在句中,either用在疑问句和否定句中。

75.C happily在此处有一种讽刺的意味。最后的这个陌生人竟然连苍蝇体内的一点酒也不放过,还要挤出来喝掉,用夸张的手法描述了一个嗜酒如命的人,而happily则比其他表痛苦的词更能加深这种意味。

Part V Translation

 Section A

76.女人和男人不在同场比赛中赛跑或游泳。女人不如男人强壮。

77.我们所说的“令人满意的生活水平”是指什么?显然,它必须包括基本生活必需品,如食物、衣服和住处。

78.我们都愿意有额外的收入可以消费在买书,体育运动,或业余爱好上。

79.比如说,天然食品,就是长在富含有机物的土壤里的蔬菜、水果和小麦。

80.今天植物纤维被看作是健康饮食的重要组成部分,这是一件有意义的事。

Section B

81. She was injured badly in an accident during the work.

82. Prof. Wang, would you do us a favor by coming to our English evening party this Saturday?

83. Women have been struggling for equal rights since the end of last century.

84. It is true that success lies in diligence.

85. She had to hold her breath in order not to be discovered.

选作题Ⅱ:

Part VWriting

 The Life on Internet

 21st century is a century of Internet. With the development of science and technology, more and more people, old and young, begin to "surf the net" to look for information or to entertain themselves with on-line games.

 Internet is a colorful world. Here you can look for whatever information you want; you can browse the latest news at home and abroad; you can chat with friends, do your shopping, watch movies, play games, send e-mails and so on. You can do almost everything in this variable world.

 In the 21st century, people have been and will be more accustomed to Internet. Internet makes the world smaller, and with it the whole world seems to be just a click away. It is part of our life.

 


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