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2018年湖北成人高考高起点英语辅导及答案(十)

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  2018湖北成人高考高起点英语辅导及答案(十)

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选作题I(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

             Part    Dialogue Communication ( 15 % )

Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, ench followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1. Shop assistant: Good morning. Can I help you?

   Customer.      . I' m just looking around.

   A. No, you can' t

   B. Not at the moment, thanks

   C. Yes, please

   D. Yes, thank you

2. W: What' s up with Donald? I've never seen him so happy.

   M.     

   A. The weather is fine. Maybe he' s suffering from cold.

   B. His supervisor gave performance evaluation this morning.

   C. Perhaps he was reading some novels.

   D. That' s beyond me. I can' t guess what was happening with Donald.

3. Speaker A: Could we have the honor of your presence at the party?

   Speaker B :     

   A. I fully appreciate your invitation.

   B. Sorry, I can' t take it.

   C. I think it won' t be necessary.

   D. I' d love to, but I have a prior appointment.

4. W: May I see your driving license(驾照) and vehicle registration card( 登记证), please?

   M:     

   A. OK. But I was driving at 60 miles per hour.

   B. Sorry, please don' t write me a ticket.

   C. Sure. Did I do anything wrong?

   D. Yes. But I don' t think I' m a bad driver.

5. W: Look at this pink watch. It looks great, doesn' t it? And it' s only $ 20.

   M:     

   A. It' s only twenty dollars. God knows it.

   B. I don' t want to look at it. After all, it' s a watch.

   C. The price is good. But I want to buy a more expensive watch.

   D. How is it possible that a watch only cost us $ 20?

6. Customer.     

   Walter: I'm sorry. Didn't you order fried shrimp( 虾子) ?

   Customer: I ordered fried chicken.

   Walter: Oh, all I heard was fried shrimp. Let me have kitchen redo this for you.

   A. Sorry, this isn't my dish.

   B. Excuse me, this isn' t what I paid for.

   C. Sorry, this isn' t my order.

   D. Excuse me, this isn' t what I ordered.

7. W: Have you decided what to give your son for Christmas yet?

   M.     

   A. I don' t know Christmas is coming to us.

   B. Oh, sorry, haven' t yet. It' s a hard decision to make.

   C. You know, she has to decide it herself.

   D. You know, not every Chinese considers Christmas as a serious holiday.

8. Tom: This is my schoolmate, Mary, and this is my girl friend, Susan.

   Susan: How do you do!

   Mary:     

   A. How are you?                            

 B. How do you do!

   C. Fine, thank you.                         

  D. Everything is fine.

9. Bob: Do you mind if I play some music?

   Lily:      . I' m writing my assignment.

  A. Not at all

  B. Of course I would

  C. Of Course not

  D. Certainly

10. Speaker A: I' m really grateful(感谢的) to you.

    Speaker B :     

A. Not at all.                          

  B. Think nothing of it.

C. Sure thing.                             

  D. It' s been a pleasure.

11. —— Shall I use your dictionary?

——     

A. Of course, you can.                     

  B. Certain, you may.

C. Surely, you can' t.                      

  D. No, please get out.

12. W: Has the latest Time Magazine arrived yet? Today' s already Tuesday.

    M:        

    A. Today' s already Monday. But it hasn' t arrived yet.

    B. Sorry, it' s late. Probably not till the day after tomorrow.

    C. It may arrive on Wednesday.

    D. Time Magazine, so far as I know, is the most popular for us New Yorkers.

13. Phone caller: Hello. Could I speak to Helen?

    Helen:        

A. Speaking.          

 B. I am Helen.       

 C. It' s me.         

  D. This is me.

14. Speaker A: How is everything going with you?

    Speaker B :        

    A. The same to you.

    B. All the pleasure is mine.

    C. OK, I guess.

    D. I' m fine. Thank you.

15. John: Dear Tom, why don' t you come on holiday with us?

    Tom:        

    A. That' s very kind of you. I' d love to.

    B. How dare you invite me? I won' t go.

    C. Yeah, thanks anyway.

    D. Whether I' ll go or not is not your business, OK?

Part    Reading Comprehension (30 % )(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

Directions : There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfin-ished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should de-cide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

      England is not a big country: from north to south and from east to west it is only about three hundred miles across. (76) But for a small country .it has a surprising range of climate. People who have never visited England,  or who have visited only one part of it, often make the mistake of thinking that it is a cold and wet country. Except for the summer months of June to September, this is probably true of the north of England and the Midlands, In the south, however, the climate is much more pleasant. One result is that when people retire from a job in the north they often prefer to move down to the milder south.

     Perhaps the warmest part of the country is the southwest, which consists of the counties of Devon and Cornwall. The warm Gulf Stream flows across the North Atlantic Ocean from the Gulf of Mexico and makes the coastal regions of the southwest quite warm. Palm trees, bamboo () and many semi-tropical ( 亚热带的 ) plants grow well in the southwest of England. Flowers and vegetables ripen (成熟) as much as a month earlier than those elsewhere. Farmers in the area obtain a higher price for their vegetables and flowers because they are ready earlier. (77) In winter there may be several feet of snow in other parts of England but there will probably be no snow at all in the southwest. This may be one of the reasons why the southwest is one of England' s most popular holiday areas.

1. The distance from the center of England to the south coast is about        

   A. one hundred miles

   B. three hundred miles

   C. one hundred and fifty miles

   D. six hundred miles

2. England is a country        

   A. with a cold and wet climate

   B. with a surprising climate

   C. with a pleasant climate

   D. with a variety of climates

3. According to the passage,        

   A. flowers and vegetables from Devon are on the market one month earlier

   B. farmers in the southwest grow as many vegetables and flowers as farmers elsewhere

   C. people in the southwest have to pay a higher price for vegetables and flowers

   D. vegetables in Cornwall ripen as much as a month earlier than flowers

4. In the north of England and the Midlands,        

   A. it is cold and wet all the year round

   B. the climate is pleasant as a whole

   C. it is warm most of the time in a year

   D. only the summer is not cold or wet

5. In winter, people in Devon and Cornwall        

   A. seldom see snow

   B. never see any snow

   C. may have several feet of snow

   D. often see snow

Passage 2

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage :

     How can we get rid of garbage? Do we have enough energy sources to meet our future energy needs?

     These are two important questions that many people are asking today. Some people think that man might be able to solve both problems at the same time. They suggest using garbage as an energy source, and at the same time it can save the land to hold garbage.

      For a long time, people buried garbage or dumped (倾倒) it on empty land. Now, empty land is scarce. But more and more garbage is produced each year. However, garbage can be a good fuel to use. The things in garbage do not look like coal, petroleum, or natural gas; but they are chemically similar to these fossil (化石) fuels. As we use up our fossil fuel supplies, we might be able to use garbage as an energy source.

     Burning garbage is not a new idea. Some cities in Europe and the United States have been

burning garbage for years. (78) The heat that is produced by burning garbage is used to boil wa-

ter. The steam that is produced is used to make electricity or to heat nearby buildings. In Paris,

France, some power plants burn almost 2 million metric tons of the cities garbage each year. The

amount of energy produced is about the same as would be produced by burning almost a half mil- lion barrels of oil.

      Our fossil fuel supplies are limited. (79) Burning garbage might be one kind of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs. This method could also reduce the amount of gar-bage piling up on the earth.

6. What two problems can man solve by burning garbage?

   A. The shortage of energy and air pollution.

   B. The shortage of energy and the land to hold garbage.

   C. Air pollution and the shortage of fossil fuel.

   D. Air pollution and the shortage of land to hold garbage.

7. Which of the following is not the result of burning garbage?

   A. The garbage burned is turned into fossil fuels.

   B. The heat produced is used to boil water.

   C. The steam produced is used to make electricity.

   D. The steam produced is used to heat buildings.

8. According to the passage which of the following is NOT true?

   A. About 2 million metric tons of garbage is burned in some power plants in Pads, France each year.

   B. In a modem society, more and more garbage is produced each year.

   C. Using garbage is a good way to solve the problem of energy shortage.

   D. It will be too expensive to use garbage as an energy source.

9.What is the author's attitude?

   A. Delighted.                           

  B. Sad.

   C. Agreeing.                               

  D. Disagreeing.

10. The best title for the passage may be        

A. Garbage and the Earth                    

 B. Fossil Fuel and Garbage

C. Land and Garbage                      

  D. Garbage--Energy Source

Passage 3(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

      Fire can help people in many ways. But it can be very dangerous. Fire can heat water, warm houses, give light and cook. But fire can bum things, too. It can bum trees, houses, animals or people. Sometimes big fires can bum forests.

      Nobody knows for sure how people began to use fire. But there are many interesting stories about the first time a man or a woman started a fire. One story from Australia tells about a man very, very long time ago. He went up to the sun by a rope (绳子) and brought fire down.

     Today people know how to make a fire with matches (火柴) . Children sometimes like to

play with them. But matches can be very dangerous. One match can bum a piece of paper and then it might burn a house. A small fire can become a big fire very fast. Fire kills many people every year. So you must be careful with matches. You should also learn to put out fires. (80) Fires need oxygen(氧气). Without oxygen they will die. Cover a fire with water, sand, or sometimes with your coat. This keeps the air away from a fire and kills it. Be careful with fire, and it will help

you. Be careless with fire, and it will burn you.

11. How did people begin to use fire?

    A. Not everybody knows how people began to use fire.

    B. Nobody knows how to make a fire.

    C. It is an Australian who started a fire.

    D. We are not sure how people began to use fire.

12. Children mustn' t play with matches because        

A. matches burn paper                       

 B. it isn' t interesting

C. they can be dangerous                   

  D. they can burn a house

13. When you are going to put out a fire, you        

    A. must be careful

    B. should keep air away from it

    C. must know it is dangerous

    D. should cover it with water

14. We must be careful with fire, or it        

A. will die                                

 B. will warm our houses

C. might burn us                           

 D. won' t help us

15. Which of the following is the main idea of this passage?

    A. Fire can help people in many ways.

    B. Fire can be both helpful and dangerous.

    C. Fire can burn things and people.

    D. We must be careful with matches.

             Part 11  Vocabulary and Structure (30 % )

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corre- sponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

16. The famous novel is said          into Chinese.

A. to have translated                         

B. to be translate

C. to have been translated                   

 D. to translate

17. That' s the reason          Ann could not do her part of the job.

A. that               

 B. of               

 C. because           

D. why

18. Consumers should do         than simply complain about the poor quality of goods.

A. much less           

B. some more       

  C. far less          

  D. far more

19. It is necessary that we         have a good command of English at college.

A. must             

  B. have to          

  C. should           

  D. ought to

20. The noise was so          that only those with excellent hearing were aware of it.

A. dim             

   B. soft            

   C. faint             

 D. gentle

21. If he refuses to         my plan, I can probably find someone more cooperative.

A. put up with       

  B. fall in with      

   C. do away .with     

  D. get along with

22. Her skirt had been so        in packing that she had to iron it before going out.

A. faded             

 B. torn            

  C. dirty           

  D. crushed

23. Even if they are on sale, these refrigerators are equal in price to, if not more expensive than,

           at the other store.

     A. anyone            

 B. the others         

 C. that              

 D. the ones

24. These plastic flowers look so        that many people think they are real.

A. beautiful          

  B. natural         

   C. artificial       

    D. similar

25. The most important         of his speech was that we should all work whole-heartedly for the people.

A. element        

    B. spot         

      C. sense           

   D. point

26. It has always been the         of our firm to encourage workers to take part in social activities.

A. plan               

B. campaign       

   C. procedure   

       D. policy

27. I remember her face but I cannot         where I met her.

A. recall          

    B. remind    

        C. remember     

     D. remark

28. It is difficult for us to explain phenomena that we have little or         direct knowledge.

A. no any             

B. no               

 C. none             

 D. nothing

29. A completely new situation is likely to          when the school leaving age is raised to 16.

A. arouse            

  B. rise      

  C. arise            

  D. abide

30. The illness from which Mary is suffering has now been          as hepatitis( 肝火).

A. diagnosed                             

  B. determined

C. deduced                                

 D. discovered

31. Leading cadres launch rectification campaigns at regular         to hear the masses' views.

A. interaction                              

   B. intervals

C. interruptions                          

   D. interpretation

32.           the traffic jam, we would have caught our train.

A. But for                                

 B. Because of

C. By means of                           

  D. Due to

33. Vitamins do not provide energy, nor do they construct or build any part of the body. They are

    needed for          foods into energy and body maintenance.

A. transforming                            

 B. transferring

C. altering                            

   D. shifting

34. There were many people present and he appeared only for a few seconds, so I only caught a

            of him.

A. glance                                

  B. glimpse

C. look                                

    D, sight

35. Anyone breaking the rules will be asked to leave        

A. at the spot                              

 B. on the spot

C. for the spot                          

   D. in the spot

             Part  Identification ( 10 % )

Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

46.

1.png 

47

2.png 

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3.png 

49

4.png 

50

5.png 

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7.png 

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10.png 

                          Part   Cloze (10%)(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices

marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

      Music comes in many forms; most countries have a style of their own.  56  the turn of the century when jazz was born, America had no prominent  57  of its own. No one knows exactly when jazz was   58  , or by whom. But it began to be  59   in the early 1900s. Jazz is America's contribution to  60  music. In contrast to classical music, which  61   formal European traditions, jazz is spontaneous and free in form. It bubbles with energy,   62   the moods, interests, and emotions of the people. In the 1920s jazz. 63   like America, and  64   it does to-day. The   65   of this music are as interesting as the music   66    American negroes, or blacks, as they are called today, were the jazz   67  . They were brought to Southern States   68   slaves. They were sold to plantation owners and forced to work long  69    When a Negro died his friends and relatives   70 a procession to carry the body to the cemetery. In New Orleans, a band often accompanied the  71 On the way to the cemetery the band played slow, solemn music suited to the occasion.  72   on the way home the mood changed. Spirits lifted. Death had removed one of their   73, but the living were glad to believe. The band played   74  music, improvising(即兴表演) on both the harmony and the melody of the tunes  75 at the funeral. This music made everyone want to dance. It was an early form of jazz.

56. A. By                B. At               C. In               D. On

57. A. music               B. song               C. melody             D. style

58. A. discovered           B. acted              C. invented           D. designed

59. A. noticed             B. found             C. listened            D. heard

60. A. classical             B. sacred             C. popular            D. light

61. A. forms               B. follows             C. approaches         D. introduces

62. A. expressing           B. explaining          C. exposing           D. illustrating

63. A. appeared            B. felt                C. seemed            D. sounded

64. A. as                  B. so                 C. either              D. neither

65. A. origins             B. originals           C. discoveries         D. resources

66. A. concerned           B. itself              C. available           D, oneself

67. A. players              B. followers           C. fans               D. pioneers

68. A. for                 B. as                 C. with               D. by

69. A. months              B. weeks              C. hours              D. times

70. A. demonstrated        B. composed          C. hosted             D. formed

71. A. demonstration       B. procession         C. body              D. march

72. A. Even               B. Therefore          C. Furthermore        D. But

73. A. number             B. members           C. body              D. relations

74. A. sad                B. solemn            C. happy             D, funeral

75. A. whistled            B. sung              C. presented          D. showed

                     Part V  Translation (20 % )

 Section A

 Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.

76. But for a small country it has a surprising range of climate. ( Passage 1 )

77. In winter there may be several feet of snow in other parts of England but there will probably be no snow at all in the southwest. (Passage 1 )

78. The heat that is produced by burning garbage is used to boil water. (Passage 2 )

79. Burning garbage might be one kind of energy source that we can use to help meet our energy needs. ( Passage 2 )

80. Fires need oxygen (氧气). Without oxygen they will die. Cover a fire with water, sand, or sometimes with your coat. ( Passage 3 )

Section B

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

81.据报道,那条铁路因洪水而停止修建。

82.然而,在那个国家还有成千上万的年轻人却很难找到工作。

83.他害怕批评,要他认识自己的错误是不容易的。

84.她待我们很好,就像是对待她的亲兄弟一样。    .

85.他不敢相信眼前发生的事情。

选作题Ⅱ:(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供 微信/QQ29838818)

                        Part V  Writing ( 15% )

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "How I Finance My College Education". You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:

1.上大学的费用(tuition and fees)可以通过多种途径解决;

2.哪种途径适合于我(说明理由)

选作题I

Part I Dialogue Communication

1B2B3D 4A5C6D7B8B9B10A

11A12B13A14C15A

Part I  Reading Comprehension

Passage l

1C推理判断题。根据文章第一句,英格兰从北到南,从东到西都是大约300英里。若将英格兰看成一个圆,那么它的直径就是300英里,半径150英里。从英格兰的中心(相当于圆心)出发到任何一条海岸线的长度都相当于半径长l50英里。所以选C

2D事实细节题。文章第二句提到英格兰气候有“a surprising range”,意即气候多种多样,让人惊奇。

3A事实细节题。第二段第四句提到西南部的蔬菜和鲜花要比别处的早一个月,所以A对;但文章只提到了蔬菜和鲜花早熟的问题,并未提到种植多少的问题,所以B文章没有提及,我们无从知道;文章第二段第五句提到西南部农民们可以卖出更高的价格,而不是付出更高的价格,所以C不对;文章是将西南部的蔬菜和鲜花和别处的相比,而不是将西南部的蔬菜和西南部的鲜花相比,所以D文章也未提到。所以选A

4D事实细节题。根据文章第一段第四句,除了夏天,英格兰北部其余时候都是又冷又潮湿。

5A推理判断题。见文章倒数第二句,在冬天,英格兰其他地区可能下了几英尺厚的雪,但在西南部却可能根本见不到雪。说明西南部很少下雪,但并非从不下雪。所以选A

Passage 2

6B事实细节题。根据文章第二段第三句,消除大量垃圾和得到能源可以同时解决。所以选B

7A事实细节题。文章第四段第三、四句提到燃烧垃圾产生的热量可以烧水,产生的蒸汽可以用来发电或给附近的楼房供暖。只有A未提到。

8D推理判断题。ABc在文章中都是原话,分别见第四段的第五句、第三段的第三句、最后一段;文中讲述的利用垃圾即燃烧垃圾,而燃烧垃圾一点也不“expensive”,所以D选项不正确。

9C推理判断题。作者在第二段提出有人认为通过燃烧垃圾可解决能源少、垃圾多的问题。接下来作者用事实证明这句话的正确性,所以是一种同意、赞”的态度。

10D归纳概括题。概括全文的内容,我们不难发现作者一直在提倡利用垃圾、将垃圾也作为一种能源,故D最恰当。

Passage 3

11D事实细节题。文章第二段第一句提到没有人确切知道人类是怎样开始利用火的,所以选D

12c事实细节题。见文章第三段第二句。不能让孩子们玩火是因为太危险。D选项(可能烧掉房子)只是玩火可能出现的一种结果,不全面。

13B事实细节题。根据文章第三段的第九、十、十一句,氧气是助燃的,灭火要隔绝空气中的氧气,所以选B

14C事实细节题。见文章第三段前几句话。我们用火时要小心,稍有不慎就有可能烧掉一切。A表示否则它就熄灭了

15B归纳概括题。第一段总说火的两面性:既可帮助人类,也是很危险的。接下来分说火的用处和危险性,所以选B

Part  Vocabulary and Structure

16C本题考查不定式的用法。不定式也有主动语态和被动语态:即to doto be done;不定式有三种时态:即to do(表将来)to be doing(表正在进行)to have done(表不定式的

动作先于谓语动词的动作发生)。因为“the famous novel”是被翻译的,所以不定式要用被动语态;又因为是先被翻译而后据说的,所以用不定式的完成时。句意为:这部著名的小说据说已被翻译成汉语。

17D本题考查定语从句中关系词的用法。the reason why…“…的原因。当reason做先行词时,要根据定语从句的成分选择关系词:如定语从句中缺少主语或宾语,关系词一般用thatwhich;如定语从句中不缺少主语或宾语,那么就要用why来引导。句意为:那就是安没能完成她那份工作的原因。

18D本题考查比较级的用法。四个选项都是程度副词+比较级的形式,并且单从语法的角度来看都是正确的:much less“少得多some more“再多一些far less“少得多=much less”far more“多得多,远不止…”,那么就应从句意来判断应选哪个。句意为:消费者应该做的远远不止是抱怨产品质量不好。所以选D

19C本题考查虚拟语气的用法。It is necessaryimportant that…“是必要(重要),从句中用虚拟语气,其构成是should+动词原形,should可省。句意为:我们在大学时期掌握好英语是必要的。

20C本题考查形容词辨析。faint“(声音、光线等)模糊的,微弱的dim“(尤指光线)暗淡的,模糊的soft“温柔的,柔和的,与rough相对;gentle“温和的,文雅的”,强调“对于力量的克制,并含有使人感觉愉快舒适之意,如:She is gentle in touchmannerand voice.她在气质、态度、声调方面都温柔和蔼。句意为:那声音太微弱了,只有听力非常好的人才能察觉到。

21B本题考查动词短语辨析。fall in with“偶遇,同意put up with“忍受,容忍do away with“废除,弄死get along with“相处,进展。句意为:如果他不同意我的计划,我能找到更愿合作的人。

22D本题考查形容词辨析。crushed“弄皱的;起皱的faded“褪色的,凋谢的torn“撕碎的dirty“弄脏的。从“packing(打包;装箱)”“she had to iron it”可判断出衣服是被弄皱了,所以选D。句意为:她的裙子在装箱时被弄皱了,她出门前不得不熨一熨。

23D本题考查不定代词的用法。the ones用来代替前面提到的同类复数名词,在本句中指代refrigeratorsanyone“任何一个the others“另外一些,剩余的一些,有范围,常和some连用,表示一些,另一些…”that代替前面所提到的单数名词。句意为:如果不会再贵一点的话,即使是打折销售,这家店的冰箱价格也只是跟另一家一样。

24B本题考查形容词辨析。natural“自然的,自然界的beautiful“漂亮的artificial“人造的,假的similar“相似的,类似的。从后半句人们以为它们是真的可以判断应选B。句意为:这些塑料花看起来如此地自然,以至于人们都以为它们是真的。

25D本题考查名词辨析。point“要点,论点element“要素,元素spot“斑点,污点,地点,场所sense“官能,感觉。句意为:他发言最重要的论点是我们应该全心全意为人民服务。

26D本题考查名词辨析。policy“政策,方针plan“计划,设计campaign“战役,(政治或商业性)活动,竞选运动procedure“程序,手续。句意为:鼓励工人参与社会活动一直是我们公司的政策。

27A本题考查动词辨析。recall“回忆,想起remind“提醒,使想起remember“记得remark“评论,注意,谈及。句意为:我记得她的长相但我却想不起在哪里见过她。

28B本题考查不定代词的用法。n0可以直接修饰名词,表示没有…”,后边不用接any,所以A不对(但可以说not any)nonenothin9都不可直接修饰名词,所以选B。句意为:让我们解释那些我们不知道或几乎不知道的现象是困难的。

29C本题考查动词辨析。arise“出现,发生arouse“唤醒,唤起”;rise“升起,增长,上升abide(by)“坚持,遵守。句意为:当强制上学年龄增加到l6岁时,很可能会产生一种全新的情况。

30A本题考查动词辨析。diagnose“诊断determine“决定,断定deduce“推理,演绎discover“发现,发觉。句意为:玛丽的病被诊断为肝火。

31B本题考查名词辨析。at regular intervals“每隔一段时间,固定搭配;interaction“互相作用,互相影响interruption“中断,打断interpretation“解释,阐明,口译。句意为:主要领导干部每隔一段时间搞一次整顿运动以听取群众的意见。

32A本题考查虚拟语气的用法。but for+名词/代词表示要不是因为…”,提出与事实相反的假设,相当于一个条件状语从句,所在句子常用虚拟语气。其他的结构都不用虚拟语气。从主句“we would have caught our train”可判断,该句使用了虚拟语气,所以选A。句意为:要不是由于堵车,我们就赶上火车了。

33A本题考查动词辨析。transform“(生物、化学、数学、电力学等方面)转变,转化,使改变性质transfer“转移,转换(车船等)”;alter“改变shift“变动(位置或地方)”。把食物在体内转化成能量属于生物学方面的转化,所以选A。句意为:维他命不能生成能量,也不能组成或构造身体的任一部分。人们需要它将食物转化成能量和体内养分。

34B本题考查名词辨析。catch a glimpse of“瞥见,固定短语;sight也与catch搭配,但只说catch sight of,意思是发现,看出,不能表示短暂性地看。其余两词都不和catch搭配。句意为:有很多人在场,他只出现了几秒钟,所以我只是瞥见他一眼。

35B本题考查固定搭配。on the spot“在现场,当场,固定短语,其他选项的结构都不存在。句意为:任何人违反规则都要当场离开。

Part  Identification

46B  主谓搭配错误,应改为ameither…or…结构中的谓语搭配采用就近原则。类似的还有not only…but also...;neither…nor…等结构。

47D代词用法错误,应改为itsolve的应该是前面所提到的a problem,所以用it来代替。

本句意思是谈论问题要比解决问题容易。

48C连词用法错误,应把but去掉。因为前面句子中出现了表示虽然,用法相当于though

as,后面就不能再出现but

49D不定式用法错误,应改为to know howknow how to do sth.表示知道怎样去做…”

know之后往往不直接接to do sth.,而是采用疑问词+不定式的形式。类似的还有learn(学习)

50A句法结构错误,应改为has made it possible。动词make在原句中的真正宾语是“for people to know what is going on all over the world”,由于宾语较长,而宾语补足语possible较短,为了保持句子的平衡,习惯上要把真正宾语置后,而动词后加it来做形式宾语。

51B连词错误,应改为as if。习惯上seem之后的表语从句用thatas if来引导,表示看起来像是,看起来仿佛是…”

52A语态错误,应改为is given。句子的意思是如果你们大学给他一次机会录取他,我肯定他会证明自己的价值。”“给机会之间是被动关系,所以用被动语态才对。

53B分词用法错误,应改为waitin9peoplewait的逻辑主语,两者是主动关系,所以用现在分词。

54B连词错误,应把and去掉。两个分句之间既然已经由从属连词if引导,就不能再使用并列连词and了。

55B引导词用法错误,应改为of which。逗号之后的分句属于非限制性定语从句,所以应把人称代词them改为关系代词which,以引导定语从句。

Part IV  Cloze

56B at the turn of the century“在世纪之交,固定搭配。

57D上文说大多数国家都有自己的音乐风格,下文说到美国,也应是继续谈风格(style)

58C本句意为没有人知道爵士乐是什么时候发明的,由谁发明的。invent“发明(没有的事物)”discover“发现(已经存在的事物)”act“行动,扮演design“设计

59D爵士乐是被听到的,所以用heard开始被听到意即开始有爵士乐了

60C正如下文所提到的,爵士乐是与classical music(古典音乐)相对的。爵士乐(jazz)是一种自由轻松的音乐形式,因此应是流行音乐(popular music)的一种。

61B本句意为古典音乐遵循正规的欧洲传统。follow“遵循form“形成approach“接近,靠近introduce“引进,介绍

62A express“表达,音乐是用来表达和抒发人的mood(情绪)interest(兴趣)以及emotions(感情)的。

63D sound“听起来;音乐只和听(sound)有关,而与其他词无关。句意为:爵士乐听起来有美国味。

64B上半句说20世纪20年代的爵士乐听起来有美国风格,下半句说今天的爵士乐也是如此。so+主语+助动词意思是“…确实如此

65A origins“起源,来源originals“作,原物”;discover“发现resource“资源。此句意思是爵士乐的起源。所以选A

66B本句意为音乐的起源和音乐本身一样有趣。所以应选择反身代词itself

67D本句的选词要根据下文。下文提到美国黑奴创造了早期的爵士乐,所以要选pioneers,表示爵士乐的先驱者,其余词不符合上下文的意思。

68B as介词,作为,以身份

69C本句意思是黑奴被卖给南方种植园主,被迫在地里长时间劳动。”lon9一般不与monthsweeks搭配hours指工作时间,times指次数或倍数,当一段时间讲时是不可数名词,所以只能选hours

70D demonstrate“说明,示威compose(of)“组成host“当主人招待formprocession搭配,意思为一个黑奴死后,他的亲戚朋友组成一支送葬队送他

71B上句提到一个黑奴死后,他的亲戚朋友组成一支送葬队送他,本句接着说送葬队(procession)往往还伴有一支乐队。

72D上句说:在去墓地的路上,乐队演奏缓慢的、庄重的音乐以便和悲痛的场合相配合。下旬说回来的路上,情绪变化了。所以这两句之间应当是转折关系。因此选择but

73B本句意为死神夺去了他们中的一个成员(该成员可能是他们的朋友,也可能是亲戚)relations仅仅表示亲戚。另外两项是单数,不能和“one of…”连用。

74Chappy,是因为他们送葬回来,情绪变化了。

75C present“展示,表演,既包括whistle,也包括sing,还包括show

Part V Translation

Section A

76.但对于一个小国来说,英格兰的气候却是惊人地多种多样。

77.在冬天,英格兰其他地区可能下了几英尺厚的雪,但在西南部却可能根本见不到雪。

78.燃烧垃圾产生的热量可用来烧水。

79.燃烧垃圾可能是一种能量来源,我们可以利用它来帮助满足能源需求。

80.火需要氧气。没有氧气火就要熄灭。用水、沙子,有时还要用衣服来盖住火(来灭火)

Section B

81It is reported that the building of the railway came to a stop because of the flood

82Howeverthere are still thousands of young people who are hard to find a job in that country

83. He is afraid of criticism. It is not easy to make him realize his own mistakes.

84. She treats us very well, as if we were her brothers.

85. He can' t believe what happened before his eyes.

选作题Il

Part V  Writing

   How I Finance My College Education

   It is a fact that college is becoming more and more expensive and college life is becoming especially hard for the students who were born in needy families. However, there are several ways in which these students can cover their tuition that their parents are not able to afford. Finding a part-time job, for example, is an ideal way. Besides, one can ask the bank for a loan and repay it when he has the ability. Finally, one can seek assistance from the society.

   For me, earning tuition by doing part-time jobs is the most suitable way. First, I learn to be

independent both mentally and economically in this way. Apart from this, I no longer need to worry my parents with so heavy a burden. Finally, since I earn my own living, I will be more confident with myself and, therefore, I can live a busy but meaningful college life.

 


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